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Linking Food Security with Household’s Adaptive Capacity and Drought Risk: Implications for Sustainable Rural Development

Author

Listed:
  • Anu Susan Sam

    (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)
    Humboldt University)

  • Azhar Abbas

    (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)
    University of Agriculture)

  • Subash Surendran Padmaja

    (ICAR-National Institute of Agricultural Economics and Policy Research (NAIP))

  • Harald Kaechele

    (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)
    Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development)

  • Ranjit Kumar

    (ICAR-National Academy of Agricultural Research Management
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT))

  • Klaus Müller

    (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF)
    Humboldt University)

Abstract

In spite of green revolution and rapid economic growth, India’s vast population still suffers from hunger and poverty, especially in the rural areas. Moreover, drought adversely affects India’s economy by declining agricultural production and purchasing power. It also escalates rural unemployment which ultimately affects household food security. Our study investigated the food security of drought prone rural households in a broader context by linking the dimensions of food security with dimensions of climate change vulnerability. We used the primary data of 157 drought prone rural households of Odisha state in India for analysis. This study employed polychoric principal component analysis to construct an aggregate food security index. An ordered probit model was used to estimate the determinants of food security. The FSI showed that three-fourth of the respondents were facing food security issues with varying degrees. The estimates of ordered probit model indicated that joint family, education, migration and health insurance are key variables that determine food security, whereas drought adversely affected food security of rural households. Overarching strategies are required to effectively address food security issues in the wake of increased drought risk. This study provides an insight for policy makers in India and in similar south Asian countries who must consider food security in the light of drought.

Suggested Citation

  • Anu Susan Sam & Azhar Abbas & Subash Surendran Padmaja & Harald Kaechele & Ranjit Kumar & Klaus Müller, 2019. "Linking Food Security with Household’s Adaptive Capacity and Drought Risk: Implications for Sustainable Rural Development," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 142(1), pages 363-385, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:142:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-018-1925-0
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-018-1925-0
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    1. Maryia Bakhtsiyarava & Tim G. Williams & Andrew Verdin & Seth D. Guikema, 2021. "A nonparametric analysis of household-level food insecurity and its determinant factors: exploratory study in Ethiopia and Nigeria," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 13(1), pages 55-70, February.
    2. Kelly F. Austin & Mark D. Noble & Virginia Kuulei Berndt, 2021. "Drying Climates and Gendered Suffering: Links Between Drought, Food Insecurity, and Women’s HIV in Less-Developed Countries," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 154(1), pages 313-334, February.
    3. Roquia Salam & Bonosri Ghose & Badhon Kumar Shill & Md. Aminul Islam & Abu Reza Md. Towfiqul Islam & Md. Abdus Sattar & G. M. Monirul Alam & Bayes Ahmed, 2021. "Perceived and actual risks of drought: household and expert views from the lower Teesta River Basin of northern Bangladesh," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 108(3), pages 2569-2587, September.

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