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Population aging and PAYG pensions in the OLG model

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  • Giam Cipriani

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Abstract

This paper shows the effects on a pay-as-you-go pension system of the demographic change in the standard overlapping generations model. Firstly, we consider a setting with exogenous fertility and then a model with endogenous fertility. In both cases, population aging due to increased longevity implies a reduction in pensions payouts. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Giam Cipriani, 2014. "Population aging and PAYG pensions in the OLG model," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 27(1), pages 251-256, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:27:y:2014:i:1:p:251-256
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-013-0465-9
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    1. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:10:y:2008:i:2:p:1-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Cremer, Helmuth & Gahvari, Firouz & Pestieau, Pierre, 2011. "Fertility, human capital accumulation, and the pension system," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(11), pages 1272-1279.
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    5. Giam Pietro Cipriani & Miltiadis Makris, 2012. "Payg Pensions And Human Capital Accumulation: Some Unpleasant Arithmetic," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 80(4), pages 429-446, July.
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    7. Luca Gori & Luciano Fanti, 2008. "Longevity and PAYG pension systems sustainability," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 10(2), pages 1-8.
    8. Cigno, Alessandro, 1993. "Intergenerational transfers without altruism : Family, market and state," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 505-518, November.
    9. Luciano Fanti & Luca Gori, 2009. "Longevity, fertility and PAYG pension systems sustainability," Discussion Papers 2009/77, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    10. Nishimura, Kazuo & Zhang, Junsen, 1992. "Pay-as-you-go public pensions with endogenous fertility," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 239-258, July.
    11. Rosati, Furio Camillo, 1996. "Social security in a non-altruistic model with uncertainty and endogenous fertility," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 283-294, May.
    12. Luciano Fanti & Luca Gori, 2012. "Fertility and PAYG pensions in the overlapping generations model," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 25(3), pages 955-961, July.
    13. Berthold U. Wigger, 1999. "Pay-as-you-go financed public pensions in a model of endogenous growth and fertility," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 12(4), pages 625-640.
    14. Blackburn, Keith & Cipriani, Giam Pietro, 2002. "A model of longevity, fertility and growth," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 187-204, February.
    15. Ehrlich, Isaac & Lui, Francis T, 1998. "Social Security, the Family, and Economic Growth," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 36(3), pages 390-409, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Cipriani, Giam Pietro & Pascucci, Francesco, 2018. "Pension Policies in a Model with Endogenous Fertility," IZA Discussion Papers 11511, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Gilles Le Garrec, 2015. "Increased longevity and social security reform: questioning the optimality of individual accounts when education matters," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 28(2), pages 329-352, April.
    3. repec:eee:hapoch:v1_609 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Ken Tabata, 2015. "Population Aging and Growth: the Effect of PAYG Pension Reform," Discussion Paper Series 125, School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University, revised Jan 2015.
    5. Tim Buyse, 2014. "Pensions and fertility: a simple proposal for reform," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 14/888, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    6. Gerlagh, Reyer & Jaimes, Richard & Motavasseli, Ali, 2017. "Global demographic change and climate policies," Discussion Paper 2017-035, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    7. Paolo Melindi-Ghidi & Willem Sas, 2015. "Invest as You Go: How Public Health Investment Keeps Pension Systems Healthy," Working Papers halshs-01171701, HAL.
    8. repec:eee:hapoch:v1_713 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:dem:demres:v:37:y:2017:i:27 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Cipriani, Giam Pietro, 2016. "Aging, Retirement and Pay-As-You-Go Pensions," IZA Discussion Papers 9969, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    11. repec:vul:omefvu:v:8:y:2017:i:1:id:216 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Kojun Hamada & Akihiko Kaneko & Mitsuyoshi Yanagihara, 2017. "The transfer paradox in a pay-as-you-go pension system," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 221-238, April.
    13. repec:mnb:finrev:v:16:y:2017:i:4:p:36-57 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:cuf:journl:y:2018:v:19:i:1:stauvermann:hu is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Ken Tabata, 2015. "Population Aging and Growth: The Effect of Pay-as-You-Go Pension Reform," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 71(3), pages 385-406, September.
    16. Gurgen Aslanyan, 2014. "The migration challenge for PAYG," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 27(4), pages 1023-1038, October.
    17. Peter J. Stauvermann & Ronald R. Kumar, 2016. "Sustainability of A Pay-as-you-Go Pension System in A Small Open Economy with Ageing, Human Capital and Endogenous Fertility," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(1), pages 2-20, February.
    18. Cigno, A., 2016. "Conflict and Cooperation Within the Family, and Between the State and the Family, in the Provision of Old-Age Security," Handbook of the Economics of Population Aging, Elsevier.
    19. Luciano Fanti, 2014. "Raising the Mandatory Retirement Age and its Effect on Long-run Income and Pay-as-you-go (PAYG) Pensions," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 65(4), pages 619-645, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    PAYG pensions; Fertility; Longevity; J13; H55;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

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