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Credit search and credit cycles

Author

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  • Feng Dong

    ()

  • Pengfei Wang

    ()

  • Yi Wen

    ()

Abstract

The supply and demand of credit are not always well aligned, as is reflected in the countercyclical excess reserve-to-deposit ratio and interest spread between the lending rate and the deposit rate. We develop a search-based theory of credit allocations to explain the cyclical fluctuations in both bank reserves and interest spread. We show that search frictions in the credit market can naturally explain the countercyclical bank reserves and interest spread, as well as generate endogenous business cycles driven primarily by the cyclical utilization rate of credit resources, as long conjectured by the Austrian school of the business cycle. In particular, we show that credit search can lead to endogenous local increasing returns to scale and variable capital utilization in a model with constant returns to scale production technology and matching functions, thus providing a microfoundation for the indeterminacy literature of Benhabib and Farmer (J Econ Theory 63(1):19–41, 1994 ) and Wen (J Econ Theory 81(1):7–36, 1998 ). Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Suggested Citation

  • Feng Dong & Pengfei Wang & Yi Wen, 2016. "Credit search and credit cycles," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 61(2), pages 215-239, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:joecth:v:61:y:2016:i:2:p:215-239
    DOI: 10.1007/s00199-015-0916-5
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. den Haan, Wouter J. & Ramey, Garey & Watson, Joel, 2003. "Liquidity flows and fragility of business enterprises," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(6), pages 1215-1241, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mariarosaria Comunale, 2017. "Synchronicity of real and financial cycles and structural characteristics in EU countries," CEIS Research Paper 414, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 25 Sep 2017.
    2. Feng Dong & Pengfei Wang & Yi Wen, 2018. "A Search-Based Neoclassical Model of Capital Reallocation," Working Papers 2018-17, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    3. A. Antoci & S. Borghesi & G. Iannucci, 2016. "Green licenses and environmental corruption: a random matching model," Working Paper CRENoS 201615, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    4. Farmer, Roger E.A. & Platonov, Konstantin, 2019. "Animal spirits in a monetary model," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 60-77.
    5. Benhabib, Jess & Dong, Feng & Wang, Pengfei, 2018. "Adverse selection and self-fulfilling business cycles," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 114-130.
    6. Demetris Koursaros & Nektarios Michail & Niki Papadopoulou & Christos Savva, 2018. "To Create or to Redistribute? That is the Question," Working Papers 2018-5, Central Bank of Cyprus.
    7. Kazuo Mino, 2017. "Sunspot-Driven Business Cycles: An Overview," KIER Working Papers 973, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
    8. Jianjun Miao, 2016. "Introduction to the symposium on bubbles, multiple equilibria, and economic activities," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 61(2), pages 207-214, February.
    9. Rünstler, Gerhard & Balfoussia, Hiona & Burlon, Lorenzo & Buss, Ginters & Comunale, Mariarosaria & De Backer, Bruno & Dewachter, Hans & Guarda, Paolo & Haavio, Markus & Hindrayanto, Irma & Iskrev, Nik, 2018. "Real and financial cycles in EU countries - Stylised facts and modelling implications," Occasional Paper Series 205, European Central Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Search frictions; Credit utilization; Credit rationing; Self-fulfilling prophecy; Business cycles; E22; E32; G21;

    JEL classification:

    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models
    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment

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