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Financial Constraints, Endogenous Markups, and Self-fulfilling Equilibria

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  • Jess Benhabib
  • Pengfei Wang

Abstract

We show that self-fulfilling equilibria and indeterminacy can easily arise in a simple financial accelerator model with reasonable parameter calibrations and without increasing returns in production. A key feature for generating indeterminacy in our model is the countercyclical markup due to the procyclical loan to output ratio. We illustrate, via simulations, that our financial accelerator model can generate rich business cycle dynamics, including hump-shaped output in response to demand shocks as well as serial autocorrelation in output growth rates.

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  • Jess Benhabib & Pengfei Wang, 2012. "Financial Constraints, Endogenous Markups, and Self-fulfilling Equilibria," NBER Working Papers 18074, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:18074
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Financial Constraints, Endogenous Markups, and Self-fulfilling Equilibria
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2012-05-26 01:35:50

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    Cited by:

    1. Oscar Pavlov & Mark Weder, 2017. "Product Scope and Endogenous Fluctuations," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 24, pages 175-191, March.
    2. Patrick A. Pintus & Yi Wen & Xiaochuan Xing, 2019. "International credit markets and global business cycles," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 15(1), pages 53-75, March.
    3. Fehr, Dietmar & Heinemann, Frank & Llorente-Saguer, Aniol, 2019. "The power of sunspots: An experimental analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 123-136.
    4. Yi Wen & Xiaochuan Xing & Patrick Pintus, 2016. "Interest Rate Dynamics, Variable-Rate Loans, and the Business Cycle," 2016 Meeting Papers 293, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Feng Dong & Pengfei Wang & Yi Wen, 2016. "Credit search and credit cycles," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 61(2), pages 215-239, February.
    6. Kazuo Mino, 2016. "Fiscal Policy in a Growing Economy with Financial Frictions and Firm Heterogeneity," The Japanese Economic Review, Springer, vol. 67(1), pages 3-30, March.
    7. Jess Benhabib & Jianjun Miao & Pengfei Wang, 2016. "Chaotic banking crises and regulations," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 61(2), pages 393-422, February.
    8. Costas Azariadis, 2018. "Credit Cycles and Business Cycles," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 100(1).
    9. Feng Dong & Pengfei Wang & Yi Wen, 2016. "Credit search and credit cycles," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 61(2), pages 215-239, February.
    10. Nutahara, Kengo, 2015. "Do credit market imperfections justify a central bank׳s response to asset price fluctuations?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 81-94.
    11. Mark Gertler & Nobuhiro Kiyotaki & Andrea Prestipino, 2017. "A Macroeconomic Model with Financial Panics," International Finance Discussion Papers 1219, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised 15 Dec 2017.
    12. Wei Dai & Mark Weder & Bo Zhang, 2017. "Animal Spirits, Financial Markets and Aggregate Instability," School of Economics Working Papers 2017-08, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
    13. Benhabib, Jess & Liu, Xuewen & Wang, Pengfei, 2016. "Endogenous information acquisition and countercyclical uncertainty," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 165(C), pages 601-642.
    14. Benhabib, Jess & Dong, Feng & Wang, Pengfei, 2018. "Adverse selection and self-fulfilling business cycles," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 114-130.
    15. Bruce McGough & Ryuichi Nakagawa, 2019. "Stability of Sunspot Equilibria under Adaptive Learning with Imperfect Information," Working Papers on Central Bank Communication 005, University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Economics.
    16. Piero Ferri & Annalisa Cristini & Anna Maria Variato, 2016. "Endogenous fluctuations, markups, capacity and credit constraints," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 11(2), pages 273-292, October.
    17. Kazuo Mino, 2017. "Sunspot-Driven Business Cycles: An Overview," KIER Working Papers 973, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
    18. Patrick A. Pintus & Yi Wen & Xiaochuan Xing, 2015. "Interest Rate Dynamics, Variable-Rate Loan Contracts, and the Business Cycle," Working Papers 2015-32, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, revised 04 Nov 2015.
    19. Gliksberg, Baruch, 2016. "Equilibria under monetary and fiscal policy interactions in a portfolio choice model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 209-228.
    20. P. A. Pintus & Y. Wen & X. Xing, 2016. "The Inverted Leading Indicator Property and Redistribution Effect of the Interest Rate," Working papers 616, Banque de France.

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    JEL classification:

    • E02 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Institutions and the Macroeconomy
    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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