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Banking bubbles and financial crises

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  • Miao, Jianjun
  • Wang, Pengfei

Abstract

This paper develops a tractable macroeconomic model with a banking sector in which banks face endogenous borrowing constraints. There is no uncertainty about economic fundamentals. Banking bubbles can emerge through a positive feedback loop mechanism. Changes in household confidence can cause the bubbles to burst, resulting in a financial crisis. Credit policy can mitigate economic downturns. The welfare gain is larger when the government interventions are more front loaded, given that the government injects the same amount of liquidity in terms of present value. Bank capital requirements can prevent the formation of banking bubbles by limiting leverage, but if too restrictive will lead to less lending and hence lower production.

Suggested Citation

  • Miao, Jianjun & Wang, Pengfei, 2015. "Banking bubbles and financial crises," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 763-792.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jetheo:v:157:y:2015:i:c:p:763-792
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jet.2015.02.004
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    Cited by:

    1. Clain-Chamosset-Yvrard, Lise & Kamihigashi, Takashi, 2017. "International transmission of bubble crashes in a two-country overlapping generations model," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 115-126.
    2. Doblas-Madrid, Antonio, 2016. "A finite model of riding bubbles," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 154-162.
    3. Miao, Jianjun, 2014. "Introduction to economic theory of bubbles," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 130-136.
    4. Aoki, Kosuke & Nikolov, Kalin, 2015. "Bubbles, banks and financial stability," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 33-51.
    5. Alberto Martin & Jaume Ventura, 2017. "The macroeconomics of rational bubbles: a user's guide," Economics Working Papers 1581, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    6. Bidian, Florin, 2016. "Robust bubbles with mild penalties for default," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 141-153.
    7. Jianjun Miao & Pengfei Wang & Lifang Xu, 2016. "Stock market bubbles and unemployment," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 61(2), pages 273-307, February.
    8. Alberto Martín & Jaume Ventura, 2017. "The Macroeconomics of Rational Bubbles: A User's Guide," Working Papers 989, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    9. Julien BENGUI & Toan PHAN, 2018. "Asset Pledgeability and Endogenously Leveraged Bubbles," Cahiers de recherche 07-2018, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
    10. Jianjun Miao & Pengfei Wang, 2012. "Bubbles and Total Factor Productivity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(3), pages 82-87, May.
    11. Bengui, Julien & Phan, Toan, 2018. "Asset Pledgeability and Endogenously Leveraged Bubbles," Working Paper 18-11, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.
    12. Jianjun Miao, 2016. "Introduction to the symposium on bubbles, multiple equilibria, and economic activities," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 61(2), pages 207-214, February.
    13. Miao, Jianjun & Wang, Pengfei & Zhou, Jing, 2015. "Asset bubbles, collateral, and policy analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(S), pages 57-70.
    14. Jess Benhabib & Jianjun Miao & Pengfei Wang, 2016. "Chaotic banking crises and regulations," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 61(2), pages 393-422, February.
    15. BENGUI, Julien & PHAN, Toan, 2018. "Asset pledgeability and endogenously leveraged bubbles," Cahiers de recherche 2018-04, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
    16. repec:eee:moneco:v:94:y:2018:i:c:p:27-40 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. repec:spr:weltar:v:154:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10290-017-0294-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Mathieu Boullot, 2017. "Secular Stagnation, Liquidity Trap and Rational Asset Price Bubbles," Working Papers halshs-01295012, HAL.
    19. repec:fip:fedlrv:00094 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Chiu, Wan-Chien & Wang, Chih-Wei & Peña, Juan Ignacio, 2016. "Tail risk spillovers and corporate cash holdings," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 30-48.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banking bubbles; Multiple equilibria; Financial crises; Credit policies; Capital requirements;

    JEL classification:

    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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