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Occupational Attainment of Migrants and Local Workers: Findings from a Survey in Shanghai's Manufacturing Sector

  • Yu Chen


    (Department of Urban Studies, University of Glasgow, 25 Bute Gardens, Glasgow, G12 8RS, UK)

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    This article addresses the linked topics of internal migration and occupational discrimination against migrants. The data, collected from 21 manufacturing companies in Shanghai, indicate that migrants are a heterogeneous group in terms of their origins. Migrants from rural areas are the least well-educated. In contrast, migrants from other cities in China have attained significantly higher education than local workers in Shanghai. Much of the literature compares the occupations of rural migrants and local residents; urban migrants are often neglected. By examining occupational patterns for rural migrants, urban migrants and local workers, this study adds to the literature through a full assessment of occupational inequalities. Such inequalities reflect both market forces (rewards for differing productivity) and institutional factors (rewards on grounds of residential status).

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    Article provided by Urban Studies Journal Limited in its journal Urban Studies.

    Volume (Year): 48 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 3-21

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    Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:48:y:2011:i:1:p:3-21
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