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Estimates of the Impact of Static and Dynamic Knowledge Spillovers on Regional Factor Productivity

  • James P. LeSage

    (Department of Finance and Economics, McCoy College of Business Administration, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, USA)

  • Manfred M. Fischer

    ()

    (Department of SocioEconomics, Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria)

The authors develop an empirical approach to examine static and dynamic knowledge externalities in the context of a regional total factor productivity (TFP) relationship. Static externalities refer to current period scale or industry-size effects that have been labeled localization externalities or region-size effects known as agglomeration externalities. Dynamic externalities refer to the relationship between accumulated or prior period knowledge and current levels of innovation, where past learning-by-doing makes innovation positively related to cumulative production over time. The empirical specification allows for the presence of both static and dynamic externalities and provides a way to assess the relative magnitude of spillovers associated with spillovers from these two types of knowledge externalities. The magnitude of own-region impacts and other-region (spillovers) can be assessed using scalar summary measures of the own- and cross-partial derivatives from the model. The authors find evidence supporting the presence of dynamic externalities as well as static, and the estimates suggest that dynamic externalities may have a larger magnitude of impact than static externalities.

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Article provided by in its journal International Regional Science Review.

Volume (Year): 35 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 103-127

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Handle: RePEc:sae:inrsre:v:35:y:2012:i:1:p:103-127
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  1. Rachel Griffith & Rupert Harrison & John Van Reenen, 2004. "How Special is the Special Relationship? Using the Impact of US R&D Spillovers on UK Firms as a Test of Technology Sourcing," CEP Discussion Papers dp0659, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Corinne Autant-Bernard, 2001. "The Geography Of Knowledge Spillovers And Technological Proximity," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(4), pages 237-254.
  3. ERTUR, Cem & KOCH, Wilfried, 2005. "Growth, Technological Interdependence and Spatial Externalities: Theory and Evidence," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2005-03, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
  4. Griffith, Rachel & Redding, Stephen J. & Van Reenen, John, 2000. "Mapping The Two Faces Of R&D: Productivity Growth In A Panel Of OECD Industries," CEPR Discussion Papers 2457, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Corinne Autant‐Bernard & James P. LeSage, 2011. "Quantifying Knowledge Spillovers Using Spatial Econometric Models," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 471-496, 08.
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