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Évolution à long terme de la convergence régionale au Canada

Author

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  • Coulombe, Serge

    (Département de science économique, Université d’Ottawa)

  • Lee, Frank C.

    (Industrie Canada)

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyse the evolution of regional disparities in income/output per capita in Canada over a long time interval in light of the recent studies on convergence. We analyse regional convergence in Canada by estimating β-convergence and testing stationarity of σ-convergence over the 1926-1994 interval. Our analysis shows that, on average, convergence has been observed across the Canadian provinces since 1926 but the catch up process of poor regions to rich ones is not a smooth transitional dynamic process altered only temporarily by white noise random shocks. There is no evidence of σ-convergence for the nine provinces prior to the entry of Newfoundland into Confederation in 1949 and, furthermore, most of the σ-convergence detected appears to have occurred in the 1950 to 1977 period. Cette étude a pour objet d’analyser l’évolution à long terme des disparités régionales au Canada sur le plan du revenu et de la production par habitant à la lumière d’études récentes sur la convergence. Nous analysons la convergence régionale au Canada à partir d’estimations de la convergence β et de tests de stationnarité de la convergence σ pendant la période allant de 1926 à 1994. Notre analyse indique qu’en moyenne, une convergence entre les provinces canadiennes s’est produite depuis 1926; toutefois, le processus de rattrapage des régions pauvres par rapport aux régions riches n’a pas suivi un sentier régulier — il fut ralenti de façon sporadique par des chocs aléatoires. Il n’existe pas de preuve empirique d’une convergence σ entre les neuf provinces avant l’entrée de Terre-Neuve dans la Confédération en 1949; de plus, une bonne partie de la convergence σ observée semble s’être produite entre 1950 et 1977.

Suggested Citation

  • Coulombe, Serge & Lee, Frank C., 1998. "Évolution à long terme de la convergence régionale au Canada," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 74(1), pages 5-27, mars.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:74:y:1998:i:1:p:5-27
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    Cited by:

    1. Serge Coulombe, 2000. "New Evidence of Convergence Across Canadian Provinces: The Role of Urbanization," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(8), pages 713-725.
    2. Marcelin Joanis & Fernand Martin, 2005. "La dimension territoriale des politiques de développement économique au Québec: enjeux contemporains," CIRANO Burgundy Reports 2005rb-01, CIRANO.
    3. Óscar A. Alfonso R. & Carlos E. Alonso M., 2016. "Alimentación Para Las Metrópolis Colombianas. Fragilidad Territorial, Vulnerabilidad A Las Anomalías Del Clima Y Circulación De Agroalimentos," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Economía, edition 1, number 73, October.
    4. Capello, Marcelo & Figueras, Alberto & Freille, Sebastian & Moncarz, Pedro, 2013. "The role of federal transfers in regional convergence in human development indicators in Argentina," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 27, pages 33-63.
    5. Anne Clerval, 2016. "París contra el pueblo. La gentrificación de la capital," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Economía, edition 1, number 74, October.
    6. Marie-Eve Mulquin & Katja Senger, 2011. "Interregional transfers and economic convergence of regions," Serie Politique Economique 58, Université de Namur, Centre de Recherches en Economie Regionale et Politique Economique.
    7. Marcelin Joanis & Fernand Martin & Suzie St-Cerny, 2004. "Quel avenir pour les politiques de développement régional au Québec ? (Version mise à jour le 9 août 2004)," CIRANO Project Reports 2004rp-05, CIRANO.

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