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Quel avenir pour les politiques de développement régional au Québec ? (Version mise à jour le 9 août 2004)

Listed author(s):
  • Marcelin Joanis
  • Fernand Martin
  • Suzie St-Cerny

This document presents a detailed analysis of the regional development issue in Quebec. First, it includes an analysis of the available regional economic data, which confirms the relative decline of "peripheral"" regions versus ""central"" regions. A critical survey of regional policies enforced during the XXth century and of regional development theories that inspired them is then presented. The authors also survey contemporary regional policies and institutions in Quebec and provide an overview of the situation elsewhere in Canada and of some international experiences. Towards suggesting policy prescriptions, the authors introduce regional policy issues that are relevant at the beginning of the XXIst century and the multiple lessons that can be drawn from the economic literature. They discuss the ""regional-international"" paradigm and the two major approaches to regional development - ""place prosperity"" and ""people prosperity"". The authors conclude by proposing a regional policy that covers all Quebec regions, differentiating between ""peripheral"" regions, the metropolitan region of Montreal and the ""adjacent-metropolitan"" region of Montreal. (Revised version on August 9th 2004 with a new Figure 14)" Ce document présente une analyse détaillée de la problématique du développement régional au Québec. Il comprend d'abord une analyse des données économiques régionales disponibles, qui confirme le déclin relatif des régions « périphériques » par rapport aux régions « centrales ». Une recension critique des politiques régionales appliquées au cours du XXe siècle et des théories du développement régional qui les ont inspirées est ensuite présentée. Les auteurs brossent également le tableau des politiques et institutions régionales contemporaines au Québec et offrent un survol de la situation ailleurs au Canada et de quelques expériences internationales. Avec pour objectif d'effectuer des recommandations aux gouvernements, les auteurs présentent les enjeux des politiques régionales au début du XXIe siècle ainsi que les multiples enseignements de la littérature économique dans ce domaine. Le paradigme « régional-international » et l'opposition entre les deux grandes approches de développement régional - la « prospérité des lieux » et la « prospérité des individus » - sont discutés. Les auteurs suggèrent enfin une politique régionale concernant l'ensemble du territoire québécois et différenciée entre les régions « périphériques », la région métropolitaine de Montréal et la région « métropolitaine-adjacente » de Montréal. (Version mise à jour le 9 août 2004 afin de corriger une erreur de manipulation de données à la figure 14 et dans le texte s'y rapportant)

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Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Project Reports with number 2004rp-05.

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Length: 105 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jun 2004
Handle: RePEc:cir:cirpro:2004rp-05
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  1. Glaeser, Edward L. & Scheinkman, JoseA. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1995. "Economic growth in a cross-section of cities," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 117-143, August.
  2. Serge Coulombe, 2000. "New Evidence of Convergence Across Canadian Provinces: The Role of Urbanization," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(8), pages 713-725.
  3. Boyer, M. & Dagenais, M.G. & Martin, F., 1980. "Identification de Grappes Industrielles Pour la Generation de Projets D'investissement," Cahiers de recherche 8034, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  4. Zoltan J Acs & Catherine Armington, 2003. "Endogenous Growth and Entrepreneurial Activity in Cities," Working Papers 03-02, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  5. Herbert G. Grubel & Dennis R. Maki & Shelley Sax, 1975. "Real and Insurance-Induced Unemployment in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 8(2), pages 174-191, May.
  6. Coulombe, Serge & Lee, Frank C., 1998. "Évolution à long terme de la convergence régionale au Canada," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 74(1), pages 5-27, mars.
  7. repec:hoo:wpaper:e-95-4 is not listed on IDEAS
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