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To Migrate or to Commute?

  • Stefan Gruber

    (UMIT - Institute for Health Economics and Management, RCEA and Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State)

In this paper, we investigate the agglomeration patterns in a New Economic Geography model when commuting is allowed. The introduction of both commuting and housing costs leads to a disentangling of the agglomeration of firms and people. Commuting al- lows workers to continue living in agglomerations and enjoying the benefits of a larger product variety, despite high housing costs, since they may choose to commute to another place where they receive higher wages, which in turn enables them to cover high housing costs at their place of living. This observation is especially true for skilled workers, who generally are more mobile than unskilled workers.

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Article provided by Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis in its journal Review of Economic Analysis.

Volume (Year): 2 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 110-134

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Handle: RePEc:ren:journl:v:2:y:2010:i:1:p:110-134
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  1. Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jacques-François Thisse, 2006. "Regional Specialization, Urban Hierarchy, And Commuting Costs," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 47(4), pages 1295-1317, November.
  2. OTTAVIANO, Gianmarco & THISSE, Jacques-François, 1999. "Agglomeration and trade revisited," CORE Discussion Papers 1999041, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. Edward L. Glaeser & Janet E. Kohlhase, 2003. "Cities, Regions and the Decline of Transport Costs," NBER Working Papers 9886, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Alex Anas, 2003. "Vanishing Cities: What Does the New Economic Geography Imply About the Efficiency of Urbanization?," Urban/Regional 0302005, EconWPA.
  5. De Bruyne, Karolien, 2009. "Explaining the Location of Economic Activity. Is there a Spatial Employment Structure in Belgium?," Working Papers 2009/28, Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel, Faculteit Economie en Management.
  6. Shields, Gail M & Shields, Michael P, 1989. " The Emergence of Migration Theory and a Suggested New Direction," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 3(4), pages 277-304.
  7. Cameron, Gavin & Muellbauer, John, 1998. "The Housing Market and Regional Commuting and Migration Choices," CEPR Discussion Papers 1945, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Abdel-Rahman, Hesham M. & Anas, Alex, 2003. "Theories of system of cities," Working Papers 2003-08, University of New Orleans, Department of Economics and Finance.
  9. Yasusada, MURATA & Jacques-François, THISSE, 2004. "A simple model of economic geography à la Helpman-Tabuchi," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2005017, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques, revised 15 Feb 2005.
  10. Peter Egger & Stefan Gruber & Mario Larch & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2005. "Knowledge-Capital Meets New Economic Geography," CESifo Working Paper Series 1432, CESifo Group Munich.
  11. Baier, Scott L. & Bergstrand, Jeffrey H., 2001. "The growth of world trade: tariffs, transport costs, and income similarity," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 1-27, February.
  12. Edward L. Glaeser & Matthew E. Kahn, 2003. "Sprawl and Urban Growth," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 2004, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  13. Frank Cörvers & Maud Hensen, 2003. "The regionalization of labour markets by modelling commuting behaviour," ERSA conference papers ersa03p199, European Regional Science Association.
  14. S. Gruber & L. Marattin, 2009. "Taxation, Infrastructure, and Endogenous Trade Costs in New Economic Geography," Working Papers 668, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
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