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Explaining the Location of Economic Activity. Is there a Spatial Employment Structure in Belgium?

Listed author(s):
  • De Bruyne, Karolien

    ()

    (Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUB), Belgium)

This paper focuses on the importance of market access for firms location decisions. I estimate a structural parameters equation, a spatial wage and a spatial employment equation for Belgium, in line with the work of Hanson (1998, 2005) for the US, Mion (2004) for Italy, Garcia Pires (2005) and Paluzie et al (2009) for Spain and Brakman, Garretsen and Schramm (2002, 2004) and Roos (2001) for Germany. The findings suggest that linkages between firms and consumers are important for location decisions, as predicted by the New Economic Geography developed by (Krugman (1991)). However, conducting an Analysis of Variance on the estimation results, I conclude that firm-consumer linkages remain complementary with respect to other location theories. The last contribution of the paper is the estimation of spatial employment equations at regional and sectoral level. Firm-consumer linkages appear more important for the Northern than for the Southern part of Belgium while they turn out to be equally important for the service and manufacturing sector.

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File URL: https://lirias.hubrussel.be/bitstream/123456789/2798/1/09HRP28.pdf
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Paper provided by Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel, Faculteit Economie en Management in its series Working Papers with number 2009/28.

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Length: 30 page
Date of creation: Nov 2009
Handle: RePEc:hub:wpecon:200928
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://research.hubrussel.be

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  1. Haaland, J.I. & Kind, H.J. & knarvik, K.H.M. & Torstensson, J., 1998. "What Determines the Economic Geography of Europe?," Papers 19/98, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  2. Fally, Thibault & Paillacar, Rodrigo & Terra, Cristina, 2010. "Economic geography and wages in Brazil: Evidence from micro-data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 155-168, January.
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  4. Ellison, Glenn & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 889-927, October.
  5. Diego Puga, 1996. "The Rise and Fall of Regional Inequalities," CEP Discussion Papers dp0314, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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  7. J. Peter Neary, 2000. "Of hype and hyperbolas : introducing the new economic geography," Working Papers 200019, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
  8. Midelfart-Knarvik, K.H. & Overman, H.G. & Venables, A.J., 2000. "Comparative Advantage and Economic Geography: Estimating the Location of Production in the EU," Papers 18/00, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  9. LaFountain, Courtney, 2005. "Where do firms locate? Testing competing models of agglomeration," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 338-366, September.
  10. K.H. Midelfart & H.G. Overman & S.J. Redding & A.J. Venables, 2000. "The location of European industry," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 142, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  11. MION, Giordano, "undated". "Spatial externalities and empirical analysis: the case of Italy," CORE Discussion Papers RP 1839, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  12. T. Knaap, 2005. "Trade, location, and wages in the United States," Working Papers 05-30, Utrecht School of Economics.
  13. Armando Pires, 2006. "Estimating Krugman’s Economic Geography Model for the Spanish Regions," Spanish Economic Review, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 8(2), pages 83-112, June.
  14. Forslid, Rikard, 1999. "Agglomeration with Human and Physical Capital: an Analytically Solvable Case," CEPR Discussion Papers 2102, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  15. Laura Hering & Sandra Poncet, 2009. "The impact of economic geography on wages: Disentangling the channels of influence," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00633816, HAL.
  16. H. Hanson, Gordon, 2005. "Market potential, increasing returns and geographic concentration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 1-24, September.
  17. Kim, Sukkoo, 1999. "Regions, resources, and economic geography: Sources of U.S. regional comparative advantage, 1880-1987," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 1-32, January.
  18. Brakman, Steven & Garretsen, Harry, 2006. "New economic geography: Closing the gap between theory and empirics," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 569-572, September.
  19. S. Brakman & H Garretsen & M. Schramm, 2003. "The Strategic Bombing of German Cities during World War II and its Impact for Germany," Working Papers 03-08, Utrecht School of Economics.
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