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Are there Border Effects in the EU Wage Function?

  • Peter Huber
  • Michael Pfaffermayr
  • Yvonne Wolfmayr

We estimate a linear approximation of the market potential function for Europe as derived in geography and trade models. Using a spatial econometric estimation approach, border effects are identified by a differential impact of other regions purchasing power, depending on whether two regions are located within the EU15 or outside the EU15. We find that intra EU15-borders have an insignificant but external borders a significant effect on regional wage structures. We illustrate the magnitude of EU external border effects by simulating the enlargement of the EU in May 2004. Our results suggest a large impact of the border for new member states, but a relatively small one for old members.

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File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/WP/WP-CESifo_Working_Papers/wp-cesifo-2006/wp-cesifo-2006-12/cesifo1_wp1880.pdf
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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 1880.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_1880
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  1. Bernard Fingleton, 2004. "The new economic geography versus urban economics : an evaluation using local wage rates in Great Britain," ERSA conference papers ersa04p638, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Hisham Foad, 2005. "Europe Without Borders? The Effect of the EMU on Relative Prices," Working Papers 0017, San Diego State University, Department of Economics.
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  8. Charles Engel & John H. Rogers, 1999. "Deviations from Purchasing Power Parity:Causes and Welfare Costs," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington 0038, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
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  16. Niebuhr, Annekatrin, 2005. "The Impact of EU Enlargement on European Border Regions," HWWA Discussion Papers 330, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  17. Peter Huber & Michael Pfaffermayr & Yvonne Wolfmayr, 2006. "Are there Border Effects in the EU Wage Function?," CESifo Working Paper Series 1880, CESifo Group Munich.
  18. H Garretsen & M. Schramm & S. Brakman, 2003. "The Strategic Bombing of German Cities during World War II and its Impact for Germany," Working Papers 03-08, Utrecht School of Economics.
  19. Pedro E. Moncarz, 2007. "Regional employment and wages. The effects of transport costs and market potential. An application for Argentina," Revista de Economía y Estadística, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Instituto de Economía y Finanzas, vol. 0(1), pages 75-108, January.
  20. Annekatrin Niebuhr, 2006. "Market access and regional disparities," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 313-334, June.
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  22. H. Kelejian, Harry & Prucha, Ingmar R., 2001. "On the asymptotic distribution of the Moran I test statistic with applications," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 104(2), pages 219-257, September.
  23. Knaap, Thijs, 2006. "Trade, location, and wages in the United States," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 595-612, September.
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