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The gender wage gap and occupational segregation in the Mexican labour market

Listed author(s):
  • Pedro Orraca

    ()

    (University of Sussex.)

  • Francisco Javier Cabrera
  • Gustavo Iriarte

Este estudio examina el papel que desempeña la segregacion ocupacional sobre la brecha salarial de genero en Mexico. Mediante informacion censal y con base en la descomposicion propuesta por Brown et al. (1980), se observa que la brecha salarial de genero se incremento entre 2000 y 2010. Las diferencias salariales dentro de las ocupaciones tienden a incrementar la brecha salarial total, mientras que las diferencias salariales entre ocupaciones presentan el efecto opuesto. Dado que las diferencias salariales dentro de las ocupaciones son producto del componente no explicado, los resultados sugieren que la brecha salarial es primordialmente producto de diferencias en el rendimiento de las caracteristicas productivas de los trabajadores. La segregacion ocupacional no incrementa la brecha salarial dado que las mujeres no enfrentan barreras para acceder a ocupaciones altamente remuneradas. Este resultado es robusto al uso de distintos niveles de agregacion ocupacional y a la correccion por sesgo de auto seleccion.

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File URL: http://www.revistascientificas.udg.mx/index.php/EQ/article/view/4871/4546
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Article provided by Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas, Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos y Maestria en Economia. in its journal EconoQuantum, Revista de Economia y Negocios.

Volume (Year): 13 (2016)
Issue (Month): 1 (Enero-Junio)
Pages: 51-72

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Handle: RePEc:qua:journl:v:13y:2016:i:1:p:51-72
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