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Shadow banking

Author

Listed:
  • Tobias Adrian
  • Adam Ashcraft
  • Hayley Boeski
  • Zoltan Pozsar

Abstract

[fre] La croissance rapide du système financier de marché depuis la seconde moitié des années 1980 a changé la nature de l’intermédiation financière. Au sein du système financier de marché, les shadow banks ont joué un rôle critique. Les shadow banks sont des intermédiaires financiers qui assurent la transformation de maturité, de crédit et de liquidité, sans avoir explicitement accès aux liquidités de la banque centrale ou aux garanties du secteur public. Les shadow banks incluent, par exemple, les sociétés financières, les conduits d’asset backed commercial paper (ABCP), les véhicules d’investissement structurés (SIV), les hedge funds de crédit, les money market mutual funds (MMMF), les prêteurs sur titres, les sociétés financières à objet limité (LPFC) et les government sponsored enterprises (GSE). Notre article recense les caractéristiques institutionnelles des shadow banks, étudie leur rôle économique et analyse leurs relations avec le système bancaire traditionnel. Notre description et notre taxinomie des shadow banks et de leurs activités sont assorties de « cartes des shadow banks » qui représentent graphiquement les flux de financement du système de shadow banking. Classification JEL : G01, G21, G23, G24. [eng] Shadow Banking.. The rapid growth of the market-based financial system since the mid-1980s changed the nature of financial intermediation. Within the market-based financial system, “shadow banks” have served a critical role. Shadow banks are financial intermediaries that conduct maturity, credit, and liquidity transformation without explicit access to central bank liquidity or public sector credit guarantees. Examples of shadow banks include finance companies, asset-backed commercial paper (ABCP) conduits, structured investment vehicles (SIVs), credit hedge funds, money market mutual funds, securities lenders, limited purpose finance companies (LPFCs), and the government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs). Our paper documents the institutional features of shadow banks, discusses their economic roles, and analyzes their relation to the traditional banking system. Our description and taxonomy of shadow bank entities and shadow bank activities are accompanied by “shadow banking maps” that schematically represent the funding flows of the shadow banking system. . Classification JEL : G01, G21, G23, G24.

Suggested Citation

  • Tobias Adrian & Adam Ashcraft & Hayley Boeski & Zoltan Pozsar, 2012. "Shadow banking," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 105(1), pages 157-184.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recofi:ecofi_0987-3368_2012_num_105_1_5969
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    Other versions of this item:

    • Tobias Adrian & Adam B. Ashcraft & Hayley Boesky & Zoltan Pozsar, 2010. "Shadow banking," Staff Reports 458, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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