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Organizational and Institutional Barriers to the Effectiveness of Public Expenditures: The Case of Agricultural Research Investments in Nigeria and Ghana


  • Catherine Ragasa

    (International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Development Strategy and Governance Division)


Abstract Where investments in agricultural research do not yield positive impact on incomes and food security, organizational and institutional bottlenecks can be critical factors. We illustrate this point by using the cases of Ghana and Nigeria, two of the largest agricultural research systems in sub-Saharan Africa. This article combines elements of organizational design, institutional analysis and innovation systems literature to empirically measure organizational performance and its determinants. Findings suggest weak monitoring and impact-orientation in sample research organizations. Unstable funds, weak infrastructure and unconducive work environment are binding constraints in increasing research productivity and outreach in Ghana and Nigeria. Different priorities for these two countries emerged from this article: quality of human resources seems to be the priority for Ghana, while adequacy of physical resources and implementation of organizational management systems seem to be the priority for Nigeria.

Suggested Citation

  • Catherine Ragasa, 2016. "Organizational and Institutional Barriers to the Effectiveness of Public Expenditures: The Case of Agricultural Research Investments in Nigeria and Ghana," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 28(4), pages 660-689, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:28:y:2016:i:4:d:10.1057_ejdr.2015.41
    DOI: 10.1057/ejdr.2015.41

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ragasa, Catherine & Dankyi, Awere & Acheampong, Patricia & Wiredu, Alexander Nimo & Chapoto, Antony & Asamoah, Marian & Tripp, Robert, 2013. "Patterns of adoption of improved rice technologies in Ghana:," GSSP working papers 35, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    3. Flaherty, Kathleen & Essegbey, George Owusu & Asare, Roland, 2010. "Ghana: Recent developments in agricultural research," ASTI Country Brief 2578, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Ragasa, Catherine & Dankyi, Awere & Acheampong, Patricia & Wiredu, Alexander Nimo & Chapoto, Antony & Asamoah, Marian & Tripp, Robert, 2013. "Patterns of adoption of improved maize technologies in Ghana:," GSSP working papers 36, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. Beintema, Nienke M. & Stads, Gert-Jan, 2014. "Taking stock of national agricultural R&D capacity in Africa south of the Sahara:," ASTI Synthesis Report 128771, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Gregory, Brian T. & Harris, Stanley G. & Armenakis, Achilles A. & Shook, Christopher L., 2009. "Organizational culture and effectiveness: A study of values, attitudes, and organizational outcomes," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 62(7), pages 673-679, July.
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    9. Edward Lorenz & Bengt-Åke Lundvall, 2011. "Accounting for Creativity in the European Union: A multi-level analysis of individual competence, labour market structure, and systems of education and training," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 35(2), pages 269-294.
    10. M C S Bantilan & S Chandra & P K Mehta & J D H Keatinge, 2004. "Dealing with diversity in scientific outputs: implications for international research evaluation," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(2), pages 87-93, August.
    11. Robert E. Quinn & John Rohrbaugh, 1983. "A Spatial Model of Effectiveness Criteria: Towards a Competing Values Approach to Organizational Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 29(3), pages 363-377, March.
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    13. Omilola, Babatunde & Lambert, Melissa, 2010. "Weathering the storm," IFPRI discussion papers 965, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:

    1. Ragasa, Catherine & Mzungu, Diston & Kaima, Eric & Kazembe, Cynthia & Kalagho, Kenan, 2017. "Capacity and accountability in the Agricultural Extension System in Malawi: Insights from a survey of service providers in 15 districts:," IFPRI discussion papers 1673, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).


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