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Mapping the critical links between organizational culture and TQM/Six Sigma practices

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  • Zu, Xingxing
  • Robbins, Tina L.
  • Fredendall, Lawrence D.

Abstract

This study investigates how organizational culture influences the implementation of different practices incorporated in the recent Six Sigma approach as well as those associated with traditional total quality management (TQM). We employed the competing values framework to capture the underlying value orientations of organizational culture. Using survey data collected from 226 US manufacturing plants, the relationships between four culture types and 10 TQM/Six Sigma practices were examined via the structural equation modeling technique. The results reveal the differential effects of the culture types on the implementation of TQM/Six Sigma practices. The implications of the links between different cultures and different TQM/Six Sigma practices are discussed. While the relationship between TQM practices and culture has been the subject of prior research, this is the first look at the relationship between organizational culture and a comprehensive set of quality management practices including the new Six Sigma practices. The understanding of the advantage of each culture type should help managers achieve effective implementation of TQM/Six Sigma practices from a holistic perspective of both quality management and culture.

Suggested Citation

  • Zu, Xingxing & Robbins, Tina L. & Fredendall, Lawrence D., 2010. "Mapping the critical links between organizational culture and TQM/Six Sigma practices," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(1), pages 86-106, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:proeco:v:123:y:2010:i:1:p:86-106
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Valmohammadi, Changiz & Roshanzamir, Shervin, 2015. "The guidelines of improvement: Relations among organizational culture, TQM and performance," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 167-178.
    2. repec:spr:amsrev:v:6:y:2016:i:1:d:10.1007_s13162-016-0076-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:prp:uppmos:978-961-7023-55-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Naor, Michael & Jones, Janine Sanders & Bernardes, Ednilson S. & Goldstein, Susan Meyer & Schroeder, Roger, 2014. "The culture-effectiveness link in a manufacturing context: A resource-based perspective," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 321-331.
    5. Escrig, Ana B. & de Menezes, Lilian M., 2015. "What characterizes leading companies within business excellence models? An analysis of “EFQM Recognized for Excellence” recipients in Spain," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 169(C), pages 362-375.
    6. Fan, Huan & Li, Gang & Sun, Hongyi & Cheng, T.C.E., 2017. "An information processing perspective on supply chain risk management: Antecedents, mechanism, and consequences," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 185(C), pages 63-75.
    7. Gunday, Gurhan & Ulusoy, Gunduz & Kilic, Kemal & Alpkan, Lutfihak, 2011. "Effects of innovation types on firm performance," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 133(2), pages 662-676, October.
    8. Saghaei, Abbas & Najafi, Hoorieh & Noorossana, Rassoul, 2012. "Enhanced Rolled Throughput Yield: A new six sigma-based performance measure," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(1), pages 368-373.
    9. Schomaker, Margaret Spring & Zaheer, Srilata, 2014. "The Role of Language in Knowledge Transfer to Geographically Dispersed Manufacturing Operations," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 55-72.
    10. Bayo-Moriones, Alberto & Merino-Díaz-de-Cerio, Javier & Antonio Escamilla-de-León, Sergio & Mary Selvam, Rejina, 2011. "The impact of ISO 9000 and EFQM on the use of flexible work practices," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(1), pages 33-42, March.
    11. José Álvarez-García & María de la Cruz del RíoRama, 2016. "Sustainability and EMAS: Impact of Motivations and Barriers on the Perceived Benefits from the Adoption of Standards," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(10), pages 1-18, October.
    12. Hazen, Benjamin T. & Boone, Christopher A. & Ezell, Jeremy D. & Jones-Farmer, L. Allison, 2014. "Data quality for data science, predictive analytics, and big data in supply chain management: An introduction to the problem and suggestions for research and applications," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 154(C), pages 72-80.
    13. Su, Hung-Chung & Chen, Yi-Su, 2013. "Unpacking the relationships between learning mechanisms, culture types, and plant performance," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 146(2), pages 728-737.
    14. Brun, Alessandro, 2011. "Critical success factors of Six Sigma implementations in Italian companies," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(1), pages 158-164, May.
    15. Hazen, Benjamin T. & Overstreet, Robert E. & Jones-Farmer, L. Allison & Field, Hubert S., 2012. "The role of ambiguity tolerance in consumer perception of remanufactured products," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(2), pages 781-790.
    16. Shun-Hsing Chen & Fei-Yun Chen & I-Ping Wu, 2014. "An Empirical Study of TQM Method Practices for Customer Satisfaction and Customer Loyalty," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 4(5), pages 18-31, May.
    17. Pinheiro de Lima, Edson & Gouvea da Costa, Sergio E. & Angelis, Jannis Jan & Munik, Juliano, 2013. "Performance measurement systems: A consensual analysis of their roles," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 146(2), pages 524-542.

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