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Export-Led Growth Hypothesis in Pakistan: A Reinvestigation Using the Bounds Test

Author

Listed:
  • Saima Siddiqui

    () (University of Karachi, Pakistan.)

  • Sameena Zehra

    () (University of Karachi, Pakistan.)

  • Sadia Majeed

    () (University of Karachi, Pakistan)

  • Muhammad Sabihuddin Butt

    () (University of Karachi, Pakistan.)

Abstract

Trade is presumed to act as a catalyst to economic growth. This paper reinvestigates the export-led growth hypothesis in Pakistan by using annual time series data on exports, imports, terms of trade, and the labor force participation rate as explanatory variables and gross domestic product (GDP) as the dependent variable for the period 1971-2005. The study uses the more comprehensive and recent bounds test or autoregressive distributed lag model (ARDL) proposed by Pesaran et al (2001) to examine the existence of short-run and long-runrelationships between exports and economic growth, which is crucial indesigning policy to enhance trade-related potential in Pakistan. The results indicate that exports, labor force, and imports have a positive effect on growth, while the terms of trade has a negative effect. The proxy for trade liberalization has a positive impact on economic growth. Finally, the chief finding of this study is that the hypothesis of export-led growth in the Pakistan economy is supported in both the short and long run. Economicgrowth in Pakistan is accompanied by fluctuations in exports and imports both in the short and long run, but the labor force participation rate has a negative effect only in the short run. The terms of trade has the same effect in the short and long run.

Suggested Citation

  • Saima Siddiqui & Sameena Zehra & Sadia Majeed & Muhammad Sabihuddin Butt, 2008. "Export-Led Growth Hypothesis in Pakistan: A Reinvestigation Using the Bounds Test," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 13(2), pages 59-80, Jul-Dec.
  • Handle: RePEc:lje:journl:v:13:y:2008:i:2:p:59-80
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:ksp:journ2:v:4:y:2017:i:1:p:75-85 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Ady Soejoto & Waspodo Tjipto Subroto & Suyanto, 2015. "Fiscal Decentralization Policy in Promoting Indonesia Human Development," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(3), pages 763-771.
    3. Fatemah, Ambreen & Qayyum, Abdul, 2018. "Modeling the Impact of Exports on the Economic Growth of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 83929, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Jan 2018.
    4. Kurtovic, Safet & Halili, Blerim & Maxhuni, Nehat, 2016. "Bilateral Trade Elasticity: B&H versus its seven trade partners," MPRA Paper 72297, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. repec:psl:pslqrr:2017:24 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Ghazi Al-Assaf & Bashier Al-Abdulrazag, 2015. "The Validity of Export-Led Growth Hypothesis for Jordan: A Bounds Testing Approach," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(1), pages 199-211.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Growth; Exports; Imports; Labor Force Participation.;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • F49 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Other

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