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Ecset vagy egér. Mesterségbeli tudás és magas szintű technika
[Brush or mouse. Occupational capabilities and high technology]

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  • Rimler, Judit

Abstract

A magas szintű technika az uralkodó vélemények szerint felértékeli a munkaerő iránti igényeket, magasabb szakértelmet követel meg. Erre abból következtetnek, hogy a technikai fejlődéssel párhuzamosan nő a nem termelők és a magasabb iskolai végzettséggel rendelkezők iránti igény. Mások szerint a foglalkozási szerkezet és a bérviszonyok változásai nem, vagy csak részben tudhatók be a technikai fejlődésnek. Fontos szerepet játszhat emellett a munkapiaci intézményekben, a munkaügyi politikában, az uralkodó vezetési stratégiákban és az elfogadott társadalmi normákban bekövetkező változás is. A vizsgálatok általában megkerülik azt a kérdést, hogy a foglalkozás vagy a végzettség mennyire jól fejezi ki a mesterségbeli tudást. Eltekintenek attól, hogy itt az emberi kvalitások és az elvégzendő feladat viszonyáról van szó. A különböző feladatok által felállított követelmények pedig sokkal bonyolultabbak annál, hogy a képzettséggel és/vagy a foglalkozással egyértelműen leírhatók lennének. A technika változása egyébként a foglalkozások többségénél csak a felületet karcolja. A festőművésznek, aki számítógéppel komponálja meg műveit, a jó kép elkészítéséhez ugyanazon képességekkel kell rendelkeznie, mint az ecsettel dolgozónak, csak neki nem az ecsettechnikát, hanem az egér kezelését kell elsajátítania. Journal of Economics Literature (JEL) kód: J31.

Suggested Citation

  • Rimler, Judit, 2003. "Ecset vagy egér. Mesterségbeli tudás és magas szintű technika [Brush or mouse. Occupational capabilities and high technology]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(12), pages 1095-1114.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:654
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Rimler, Judit, 2004. "Foglalkozás és végzettség [Employment and education]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(12), pages 1172-1187.
    2. Szalavetz, Andrea, 2007. "Műszaki fejlődés és tőkeintenzitás [Technological progress and capital intensity]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(2), pages 184-198.
    3. Rimler, Judit, 2005. "Számítógép-használat és kreativitás [Computer use and creativity]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(12), pages 991-1009.

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    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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