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Az új magyar adósságszabály értékelése
[Assessment of the new regulations on debt]

  • Balatoni, András

    ()

  • Tóth G., Csaba

A tanulmányban a Magyarország gazdasági stabilitásáról szóló 2011. évi CXCIV. törvényben szereplő, 2015-ben hatályba lépő adósságszabályt vizsgáljuk. Az elemzés a Kopits-Symansky [2001] által definiált nyolcas kritériumrendszerből három értékelési szempont alapján veszi górcső alá a szabályozást. A megfogalmazás pontosságával kapcsolatos követelménynek a törvény nem felel meg teljes mértékben, mert a normaszöveg értelmezése során kérdéses, hogy 50 százalékos adósságráta alatt is érvényben marad-e a szabály. A megfelelőség szempontjából jól működik a szabály, mivel képes biztosítani, hogy az adósságráta az alaptörvényben megfogalmazott célnak megfelelően 50 százalék alá csökkenjen. Elemzésünkben rávilágítunk arra, hogy a törvényben megfogalmazott nominális adósságképletben az infláció rossz előjellel szerepel, így a makrogazdasági sokkok hatását egyes esetekben érdemben felerősíti az alkalmazása. Ennek megfelelően a szabály rosszul teljesít a gazdaság helyzetéhez való alkalmazkodás, azaz a rugalmasság dimenziójában. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: E62, E63, H62, H63.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): LIX (2012)
Issue (Month): 10 ()
Pages: 1107-1137

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1340
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