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Fiscal Policy Rules


  • Mr. George Kopits
  • Mr. Steven A. Symansky


What are fiscal policy rules? What are the principal benefits and drawbacks associated with various fiscal rules, particularly compared with alternative approaches to fiscal adjustment? Can fiscal rules contribute to long-run sustainability and welfare without sacrificing short-run stabilization? If so, what characteristics of fiscal rules make this contribution most effective? And in what circumstances and contexts, if any should the IMF encourage its member countries to adopt fiscal rules? This paper seeks to identify sensible fiscal policy rules that can succeed, if chosen by a member country, as an alternative to descretionary fiscal rules.

Suggested Citation

  • Mr. George Kopits & Mr. Steven A. Symansky, 1998. "Fiscal Policy Rules," IMF Occasional Papers 1998/011, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfops:1998/011

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    Cited by:

    1. Sally Wallace, 2001. "Fiscal Architecture and the Analysis of Public Expenditure Needs and Revenue Capacity," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper0111, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
    2. Milesi-Ferretti, Gian Maria, 2004. "Good, bad or ugly? On the effects of fiscal rules with creative accounting," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(1-2), pages 377-394, January.
    3. Schuknecht, Ludger, 2004. "EU fiscal rules: issues and lessons from political economy," Working Paper Series 421, European Central Bank.
    4. Sawadogo, Pegdéwendé Nestor, 2020. "Can fiscal rules improve financial market access for developing countries?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    5. Pirvu, Daniela & Dutu, Amalia & Enachescu, Carmen, 2019. "Analysing Of Government'S Fiscal Behaviour In The Eu Member States Through Clustering Procedure," UTMS Journal of Economics, University of Tourism and Management, Skopje, Macedonia, vol. 10(1), pages 23-39.
    6. Frank Bodmer, 2006. "The Swiss Debt Brake: How it Works and What Can Go Wrong," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 142(III), pages 307-330, September.
    7. Mr. Anthony M Annett, 2006. "Enforcement and the Stability and Growth Pact: How Fiscal Policy Did and Did Not Change Under Europe’s Fiscal Framework," IMF Working Papers 2006/116, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Mr. Stephan Danninger, 2002. "A New Rule: The Swiss Debt Brake," IMF Working Papers 2002/018, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Orban, Gabor & Szapary, Gyorgy, 2004. "The Stability and Growth Pact from the perspective of the new member states," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 26(7), pages 839-864, October.
    10. Hideaki Tanaka, 2005. "Fiscal Rules and Targets and Public Expenditure Management: Enthusiasm in the 1990's and its Aftermath," Asia Pacific Economic Papers 346, Australia-Japan Research Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    11. Miss Catriona Purfield, 2005. "Managing Revenue Volatility in a Small Island Economy: The Case of Kiribati," IMF Working Papers 2005/154, International Monetary Fund.
    12. Venturini, Fiorenza, 2020. "The unintended composition effect of the subnational government fiscal rules: The case of Italian municipalities," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C).
    13. Mika Saito & Mr. Daehaeng Kim, 2009. "A Rule-Based Medium-Term Fiscal Policy Framework for Tanzania," IMF Working Papers 2009/244, International Monetary Fund.
    14. Mr. William A Allan & Ms. Taryn R Parry, 2003. "Fiscal Transparency in EU Accession Countries: Progress and Future Challenges," IMF Working Papers 2003/163, International Monetary Fund.
    15. Reuter, Wolf Heinrich & Tkačevs, Oļegs & Vilerts, Kārlis, 2018. "On the design of stabilising fiscal rules," Working Papers 11/2018, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung.
    16. Phebby Kufa & Saqib Rizavi & Mr. Anthony J. Pellechio, 2003. "Fiscal Sustainability and Policy Issues in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union," IMF Working Papers 2003/162, International Monetary Fund.
    17. Amelie Barbier-Gauchard & Kea Baret & Alexandru Minea, 2020. "National Fiscal Rules and Fiscal Discipline in the European Union," Working Papers hal-02992219, HAL.
    18. World Bank, . "Beyond Oil : Kazakhstan's Path to Greater Prosperity through Diversifying, Volume 1. Overview," World Bank Other Operational Studies, The World Bank, number 16719.
    19. Aras, Osman Nuri & Öztürk, Mustafa, 2011. "Constitutional Economics, Fiscal Policy Rules, and The Case of Turkey," MPRA Paper 81856, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Tobias Beljean & Alain Geier, 2013. "The Swiss Debt Brake - Has It Been a Success?," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 149(II), pages 115-135, June.


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