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Institutions, entrepreneurship, and economic growth in Europe

Author

Listed:
  • Niels Bosma

    () (Utrecht University School of Economics)

  • Jeroen Content

    () (Utrecht University School of Economics)

  • Mark Sanders

    () (Utrecht University School of Economics)

  • Erik Stam

    () (Utrecht University School of Economics)

Abstract

Abstract Institutions have a decisive impact on the prevalence and nature of entrepreneurship. To date, the impact of institutions on (productive) entrepreneurship and the effects of entrepreneurship on economic growth have largely been investigated in isolation. In this paper, we bring together institutions, entrepreneurship, and economic growth using a parsimonious growth model in a 3SLS specification. In our first stage, we regress multiple measures of entrepreneurial activity on institutional proxies that are known to correlate with more productive forms of entrepreneurial activity. Using the fitted values of this first-stage regression as our proxy for productive entrepreneurship, we can then estimate a panel growth regression following Islam (1995) in a second stage. The third stage then optimizes the estimation of the two equations simultaneously. Our results show that productive entrepreneurship contributes to economic growth. In our set of proxies for institutional quality, financial stability, small government, and perceived start-up skills are the most important predictors of such productive entrepreneurship.

Suggested Citation

  • Niels Bosma & Jeroen Content & Mark Sanders & Erik Stam, 2018. "Institutions, entrepreneurship, and economic growth in Europe," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 51(2), pages 483-499, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:51:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11187-018-0012-x
    DOI: 10.1007/s11187-018-0012-x
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    Cited by:

    1. J. Leendertse & M.T. Schrijvers & F.C. Stam, 2020. "Measure twice, cut once : entrepreneurial ecosystem metrics," Working Papers 20-01, Utrecht School of Economics.
    2. Zemtsov, S. & Smelov, Y., 2018. "Factors of Regional Development in Russia: Geography, Human Capital and Regional Policies," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 40(4), pages 84-108.
    3. Niklas Elert & F.C. Stam & Mikael Stenkula, 2019. "Intrapreneurship and trust," Working Papers 19-08, Utrecht School of Economics.
    4. Christopher J. Boudreaux, 2019. "Entrepreneurship, Institutions, and Economic Growth: Does the Level of Development Matter?," Papers 1903.02934, arXiv.org.
    5. Ovidiu Stoica & Angela Roman & Valentina Diana Rusu, 2020. "The Nexus between Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth: A Comparative Analysis on Groups of Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-19, February.

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    Keywords

    Economic growth; Entrepreneurship; Institutions;

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