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The relationship between privatization and corporate taxation policies

Author

Listed:
  • Yi Liu

    (Hunan University
    Institute of Industrial Economics at Chinese Academy of Social Science)

  • Toshihiro Matsumura

    (The University of Tokyo)

  • Chenhang Zeng

    (Zhongnan University of Economics and Law)

Abstract

We investigate how the corporate (profit) tax rate affects the optimal degree of privatization in a mixed duopoly with a minimal profit constraint for the private firm. We show that the profit tax rate directly affects the behavior of the partially privatized firm, and therefore affects the behavior of the private firm through strategic interactions. Regardless of whether the constraint is binding, the optimal degree of privatization increases with the corporate tax rate. The reason is that an increase of corporate tax rate reduces the profits flowing to foreign investors, which mitigates the welfare losses of privatization. Furthermore, the optimal degree of privatization decreases (increases) with the foreign ownership share in the private firm if the constraint is ineffective (effective). This result suggests that a minimal profit constraint can be crucial in the optimal privatization policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Yi Liu & Toshihiro Matsumura & Chenhang Zeng, 2021. "The relationship between privatization and corporate taxation policies," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 85-101, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jeczfn:v:133:y:2021:i:1:d:10.1007_s00712-020-00720-w
    DOI: 10.1007/s00712-020-00720-w
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    Cited by:

    1. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2020. "Corporate Profit Tax and Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility under Foreign Acquisition," MPRA Paper 102313, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Quan Dong & Leonard F. S. Wang, 2021. "Profit taxation and the optimal privatisation of state holding corporations," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(3), pages 375-391, September.
    3. Liu, Yi & Lahiri, Sajal & Liu, Tianqi, 2018. "Optimal Partial Privatization in the Presence of Foreign Competition: The Role of Efficiency Differentials and Unemployment," MPRA Paper 91471, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Jan 2019.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Profit tax; Minimal profit constraint; Foreign ownership; Optimal public ownership;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • H44 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Goods: Mixed Markets
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out

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