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Ex-ante versus ex-post privatization policies with foreign penetration in free-entry mixed markets

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  • Xu, Lili
  • Lee, Sang-Ho
  • Matsumura, Toshihiro

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of the timing of privatization and liberalization policies on the degree of privatization and number of entering firms in free-entry mixed markets. We formulate two models: ex-post privatization and ex-ante privatization. In the former, the government liberalizes the market and then privatizes the public firm, whereas the order of the policies is reversed in the latter. We find that ex-ante privatization yields a higher (lower) level of privatization and a larger (smaller) equilibrium number of entering private firms when foreign ownership in private firms is high (low). We also show that the optimal level of privatization is increasing (decreasing) in the share of foreign ownership in the ex-ante (ex-post) privatization case. Finally, we find that although both the ex-ante and the ex-post privatization cases yield the same consumer welfare, ex-ante privatization always yields higher social welfare than ex-post privatization.

Suggested Citation

  • Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2017. "Ex-ante versus ex-post privatization policies with foreign penetration in free-entry mixed markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1-7.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:reveco:v:50:y:2017:i:c:p:1-7
    DOI: 10.1016/j.iref.2017.03.023
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    Cited by:

    1. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2020. "Implicit protectionism via state enterprises and technology transfer from foreign enterprises," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(3), pages 723-743, August.
    2. Chen, Jiaqi & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2020. "Endogenous timing game with R&D decisions and output subsidies," MPRA Paper 99503, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Yi Liu & Toshihiro Matsumura & Chenhang Zeng, 2021. "The relationship between privatization and corporate taxation policies," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 85-101, June.
    4. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2020. "Strategic Relations between Corporate Social Responsibility and Partial Privatization Policy with Foreign Penetration," MPRA Paper 100770, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2018. "Corporate Social Responsibility And Environmental Taxation With Endogenous Entry," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 59(2), pages 61-82, December.
    6. García, Arturo & Leal, Mariel & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2018. "Time-inconsistent environmental policies with a consumer-friendly firm: Tradable permits versus emission tax," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 523-537.
    7. Xu, Lili & Chen, Yuyan & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2022. "Emission tax and strategic environmental corporate social responsibility in a Cournot–Bertrand comparison," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C).
    8. Sang-Ho Lee & Toshihiro Matsumura & Susumu Sato, 2018. "An analysis of entry-then-privatization model: welfare and policy implications," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 123(1), pages 71-88, January.
    9. Xu Lili & Lee Sang-Ho, 2022. "Corporate Profit Tax and Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility Under Foreign Acquisition," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 22(1), pages 123-151, January.
    10. Chen, Jiaqi & Lee, Sang-ho & Muminov, Timur K., 2019. "Time-inconsistent Output Subsidy/Tax Policies in Free-entry Mixed Markets," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 60(1), pages 61-77, June.
    11. Seung-Leul Kim & Sang-Ho Lee & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2019. "Corporate social responsibility and privatization policy in a mixed oligopoly," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 128(1), pages 67-89, September.
    12. Chen, Ding & Wang, Leonard F.S. & Lee, Jen-yao, 2019. "Foreign ownership, privatization and subsidization with shadow cost of public funds," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C).
    13. Jiaqi Chen & Sang‐Ho Lee & Timur K. Muminov, 2022. "R&D spillovers, output subsidies, and privatization in a mixed duopoly: Flexible versus irreversible R&D investments," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 74(3), pages 879-899, July.
    14. Dianshuang Wang & Xiaochun Li, 2020. "Privatization in Vertically Related Markets: Insights from a General Equilibrium Approach," Hacienda Pública Española / Review of Public Economics, IEF, vol. 234(3), pages 3-21, September.
    15. Cho, Sumi & Kim, Doori & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2022. "Free licensing strategy and ex-post privatization policy with passive ownership," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 106(C).
    16. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2018. "Environmental policies with excess burden of taxation in free-entry mixed markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 1-13.
    17. Lili Xu & Fanrui Su & Sang-Ho Lee, 2023. "Strategic corporate social responsibility and partial privatization policy with foreign penetration," The Japanese Economic Review, Springer, vol. 74(2), pages 251-278, April.
    18. Cho, Sumi & Kim, Doori & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2021. "Free licensing strategy and ex post privatization in a mixed oligopoly," MPRA Paper 106126, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Liu, Yi & Tan, Yu & Fang, Yu, 2019. "Innovation spillover, licensing, and ex-post privatization in international duopoly," MPRA Paper 95467, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2021. "Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility by a Multinational Firm and International Privatization Policies," MPRA Paper 105651, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Lian, Xubei & Gong, Qiang & Wang, Leonard F.S., 2018. "Consumer awareness and ex-ante versus ex-post environmental policies revisited," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 68-77.
    22. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2021. "Profit‐enhancing entries in mixed oligopolies," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 88(1), pages 33-55, July.
    23. Sato, Susumu & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2018. "Flexible Privatization Policy in Free-Entry Markets," MPRA Paper 88444, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    24. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2021. "Strategic corporate social responsibility and tariff policies: The timing of commitments and policy implications," MPRA Paper 108499, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    25. Juan Carlos Bárcena-Ruiz & Quan Dong & Leonard F. S. Wang, 2020. "Foreign-owned firms and partial privatization of state holding corporations," The Japanese Economic Review, Springer, vol. 71(2), pages 287-301, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Partial privatization; Free entry; Foreign penetration; Mixed oligopoly;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H42 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Private Goods
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games

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