IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/reveco/v39y2015icp36-46.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

The feasibility of privatization and foreign penetration

Author

Listed:
  • Wang, Leonard F.S.
  • Tomaru, Yoshihiro

Abstract

Partial privatization is implementable only if private investors have incentives to purchase the shares of public firms. With this obvious fact in mind, we reconsider the effect of foreign penetration on privatization policy. We show that partial privatization is optimal for small extent of foreign penetration and the optimal degree of privatization is not monotonically related to foreign penetration. This result is in sharp contrast to the existing works which suggest either the positive or negative relationship. Furthermore, using a linear demand model, we find that the optimal policy can be full nationalization once the extent of foreign penetration is large.

Suggested Citation

  • Wang, Leonard F.S. & Tomaru, Yoshihiro, 2015. "The feasibility of privatization and foreign penetration," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 36-46.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:reveco:v:39:y:2015:i:c:p:36-46
    DOI: 10.1016/j.iref.2015.06.001
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S105905601500101X
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.1016/j.iref.2015.06.001?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Anderson, Simon P. & de Palma, Andre & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 1997. "Privatization and efficiency in a differentiated industry," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(9), pages 1635-1654, December.
    2. Ming Lin & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2012. "Presence of foreign investors in privatized firms and privatization policy," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 107(1), pages 71-80, September.
    3. Inoue, Tomohiro & Kamijo, Yoshio & Tomaru, Yoshihiro, 2009. "Interregional mixed duopoly," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 233-242, March.
    4. Ishida, Junichiro & Matsushima, Noriaki, 2009. "Should civil servants be restricted in wage bargaining? A mixed-duopoly approach," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(3-4), pages 634-646, April.
    5. Bouwe Dijkstra & Anuj Mathew & Arijit Mukherjee, 2015. "Privatization in the presence of foreign competition and strategic policies," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 114(3), pages 271-290, April.
    6. Kenneth Fjell & Debashis Pal, 1996. "A Mixed Oligopoly in the Presence of Foreign Private Firms," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 29(3), pages 737-743, August.
    7. Ngo Van Long & Frank Stähler, 2009. "Trade policy and mixed enterprises," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 42(2), pages 590-614, May.
    8. Mukherjee, Arijit & Suetrong, Kullapat, 2009. "Privatization, strategic foreign direct investment and host-country welfare," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(7), pages 775-785, October.
    9. repec:wly:soecon:v:82:2:y:2015:p:416-429 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Leonard F. S. Wang & Ya‐Chin Wang & Lihong Zhao, 2009. "Privatization And Efficiency Gain In An International Mixed Oligopoly With Asymmetric Costs," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 60(4), pages 539-559, December.
    11. Bennett, John & La Manna, Manfredi, 2012. "Mixed oligopoly, public firm behavior, and free private entry," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 117(3), pages 767-769.
    12. Debashis Pal & Mark D. White, 1998. "Mixed Oligopoly, Privatization, and Strategic Trade Policy," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 65(2), pages 264-281, October.
    13. Kumar, Ashutosh & Saha, Bibhas, 2008. "Spatial competition in a mixed duopoly with one partially nationalized firm," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 326-341, June.
    14. Wang, Leonard F.S. & Lee, Jen-yao & Hsu, Chu-chuan, 2014. "Privatization, foreign competition, and social efficiency of free entry," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 138-147.
    15. Wang, Leonard F.S. & Lee, Jen-yao, 2013. "Foreign penetration and undesirable competition," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 729-732.
    16. Leonard Wang & Tai-Liang Chen, 2010. "Do cost efficiency gap and foreign competitors matter concerning optimal privatization policy at the free entry market?," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 100(1), pages 33-49, May.
    17. Matsumura, Toshihiro, 1998. "Partial privatization in mixed duopoly," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(3), pages 473-483, December.
    18. Toshihiro Matsumura & Osamu Kanda, 2005. "Mixed Oligopoly at Free Entry Markets," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 84(1), pages 27-48, February.
    19. Heywood, John S. & Ye, Guangliang, 2009. "Mixed oligopoly and spatial price discrimination with foreign firms," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 592-601, September.
    20. Toshihiro Matsumura & Yoshihiro Tomaru, 2013. "Mixed duopoly, privatization, and subsidization with excess burden of taxation," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 46(2), pages 526-554, May.
    21. Ritika Jain & Rupayan Pal, 2012. "Mixed duopoly, cross-ownership and partial privatization," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 107(1), pages 45-70, September.
    22. Lihua Han & Hikaru Ogawa, 2008. "Economic Integration and Strategic Privatization in an International Mixed Oligopoly," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 64(3), pages 352-363, September.
    23. Scrimitore, Marcella, 2013. "Price or quantity? The strategic choice of subsidized firms in a mixed duopoly," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 118(2), pages 337-341.
    24. Arghya Ghosh & Manipushpak Mitra & Bibhas Saha, 2015. "Privatization, Underpricing, and Welfare in the Presence of Foreign Competition," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 17(3), pages 433-460, June.
    25. Matsushima, Noriaki & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2006. "Mixed oligopoly, foreign firms, and location choice," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 753-772, November.
    26. de Fraja, Giovanni & Delbono, Flavio, 1989. "Alternative Strategies of a Public Enterprise in Oligopoly," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 41(2), pages 302-311, April.
    27. Wang, Leonard F.S. & Chen, Tai-Liang, 2011. "Mixed oligopoly, optimal privatization, and foreign penetration," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 1465-1470, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Akio Kawasaki, 2021. "Optimal number of privatised products in a differentiated mixed oligopoly with free market entry," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(4), pages 651-663, December.
    2. Haraguchi, Junichi & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2018. "Government-leading welfare-improving collusion," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 363-370.
    3. Yi Liu & Toshihiro Matsumura & Chenhang Zeng, 2021. "The relationship between privatization and corporate taxation policies," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 85-101, June.
    4. Seung-Leul Kim & Sang-Ho Lee & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2019. "Corporate social responsibility and privatization policy in a mixed oligopoly," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 128(1), pages 67-89, September.
    5. Kosuke Hirose & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2019. "Comparing welfare and profit in quantity and price competition within Stackelberg mixed duopolies," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 126(1), pages 75-93, January.
    6. Bárcena-Ruiz, Juan Carlos & Garzón, María Begoña, 2020. "Mergers between local public firms," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).
    7. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2017. "Ex-ante versus ex-post privatization policies with foreign penetration in free-entry mixed markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1-7.
    8. Chao, Chi-Chur & Nabin, Munirul & Nguyen, Xuan & Sgro, Pasquale M., 2016. "Wage inequality and welfare in developing countries: Privatization and reforms in the short and long run," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 474-483.
    9. Chen, Ding & Wang, Leonard F.S. & Lee, Jen-yao, 2019. "Foreign ownership, privatization and subsidization with shadow cost of public funds," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C).
    10. Liu, Yi & Lahiri, Sajal & Liu, Tianqi, 2018. "Optimal Partial Privatization in the Presence of Foreign Competition: The Role of Efficiency Differentials and Unemployment," MPRA Paper 91471, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Jan 2019.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Haraguchi, Junichi & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2014. "Price versus quantity in a mixed duopoly with foreign penetration," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(4), pages 338-353.
    2. Ming Lin & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2012. "Presence of foreign investors in privatized firms and privatization policy," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 107(1), pages 71-80, September.
    3. Tai-Liang Chen, 2017. "Privatization and efficiency: a mixed oligopoly approach," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 120(3), pages 251-268, April.
    4. Wang, Leonard F.S. & Chen, Tai-Liang, 2011. "Mixed oligopoly, optimal privatization, and foreign penetration," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 1465-1470, July.
    5. Juan Carlos Bárcena-Ruiz & María Begoña Garzón, 2020. "Partial privatization in an international mixed oligopoly under product differentiation," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 131(1), pages 77-100, September.
    6. Yi Liu & Toshihiro Matsumura & Chenhang Zeng, 2021. "The relationship between privatization and corporate taxation policies," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 85-101, June.
    7. Liu, Yi & Lahiri, Sajal & Liu, Tianqi, 2018. "Optimal Partial Privatization in the Presence of Foreign Competition: The Role of Efficiency Differentials and Unemployment," MPRA Paper 91471, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Jan 2019.
    8. Lee, Sang-Ho & Matsumura, Toshihiro & Sato, Susumu, 2017. "A New Approach to Free Entry Markets in Mixed Oligopolies: Welfare Implications," MPRA Paper 76450, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Leonard Wang & Chu Hsu & Jen Lee, 2014. "Do Partial Cross Ownership and Budget Constraints Matter for Privatization Policy?," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 519-529, December.
    10. Sang-Ho Lee & Toshihiro Matsumura & Susumu Sato, 2018. "An analysis of entry-then-privatization model: welfare and policy implications," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 123(1), pages 71-88, January.
    11. Chen, Ding & Wang, Leonard F.S. & Lee, Jen-yao, 2019. "Foreign ownership, privatization and subsidization with shadow cost of public funds," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C).
    12. Juan Carlos Bárcena-Ruiz & Quan Dong & Leonard F. S. Wang, 2020. "Foreign-owned firms and partial privatization of state holding corporations," The Japanese Economic Review, Springer, vol. 71(2), pages 287-301, April.
    13. Wang, Leonard F.S. & Lee, Jen-yao & Hsu, Chu-chuan, 2014. "Privatization, foreign competition, and social efficiency of free entry," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 138-147.
    14. Juan Carlos Bárcena-Ruiz & María Begoña Garzón, 0. "Partial privatization in an international mixed oligopoly under product differentiation," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-24.
    15. Toshihiro Matsumura & Yoshihiro Tomaru, 2013. "Mixed duopoly, privatization, and subsidization with excess burden of taxation," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 46(2), pages 526-554, May.
    16. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2017. "Ex-ante versus ex-post privatization policies with foreign penetration in free-entry mixed markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1-7.
    17. Toshihiro Matsumura & Makoto Okamura, 2015. "Competition and privatization policies revisited: the payoff interdependence approach," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 116(2), pages 137-150, October.
    18. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2016. "Cournot–Bertrand comparison in a mixed oligopoly," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 117(2), pages 117-136, March.
    19. Liu, Qian & Wang, Leonard F.S. & Chen, Charlie L., 2019. "Upstream privatization in mixed markets with retailer's efforts," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 338-345.
    20. Jen-Yao Lee & Leonard F. S. Wang, 2018. "Foreign competition and optimal privatization with excess burden of taxation," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 125(2), pages 189-204, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Partial privatization; International competition; Mixed oligopoly;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:reveco:v:39:y:2015:i:c:p:36-46. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/620165 .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Catherine Liu (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/620165 .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.