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Mixed duopoly and environment

Author

Listed:
  • Rupayan Pal

    (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research)

  • Bibhas Saha

    (University of East Anglia)

Abstract

We show under general demand and cost conditions that in a mixed duopoly with pollution the government can (and will) implement the socially optimal outputs and abatements by a tax-subsidy scheme and keeping the public firm fully public. The scheme requires taxing outputs and subsidizing abatements at different rates, unlike a pollution tax. Our result contradicts some of the recent claims that social optimum is not implementable and privatization is necessary. We also show that when the private firm is foreign-owned, the government will adopt some privatization and will not implement the social optimum, though the social optimum is implementable.

Suggested Citation

  • Rupayan Pal & Bibhas Saha, 2011. "Mixed duopoly and environment," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2011-005, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  • Handle: RePEc:ind:igiwpp:2011-005
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    19. Rupayan Pal & Bibhas Saha, 2014. "Mixed Duopoly and Environment," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 16(1), pages 96-118, February.
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Xu, Lili & Fan, Xinying & Luan, Weixin, 2020. "Strategic corporate social responsibility of high-speed rail in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    2. Xu, Lili & Chen, Yuyan & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2022. "Emission tax and strategic environmental corporate social responsibility in a Cournot–Bertrand comparison," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C).
    3. Toshihiro Matsumura & Akira Ogawa, 2017. "Endogenous Timing in Mixed Duopolies With Externality," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(4), pages 304-327, December.
    4. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2020. "Endogenous public and private leadership with diverging social and private marginal costs," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 88(5), pages 699-730, September.
    5. Arturo García & Mariel Leal & Sang-Ho Lee, 2019. "Endogenous Timing with a Socially Responsible Firm," Korean Economic Review, Korean Economic Association, vol. 35, pages 345-370.
    6. Akira Yakita & Donglin Zhang, 2022. "Environmental awareness, environmental R&D spillovers, and privatization in a mixed duopoly," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 24(3), pages 447-458, July.
    7. Leal, Mariel & Garcia, Arturo & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2018. "The Timing Of Environmental Tax Policy With A Consumer-Friendly Firm," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 59(1), pages 25-43, June.
    8. Hsu, Chu-Chuan & Lee, Jen-Yao & Wang, Leonard F.S., 2017. "Consumers awareness and environmental policy in differentiated mixed oligopoly," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 444-454.
    9. Maria José Gil-Moltó & Dimitrios Varvarigos, 2014. "Environmental Investments in Mixed vs Private Oligopoly: What are the Implications of Privatization?," Working Papers 2014018, The University of Sheffield, Department of Economics.
    10. Rupayan Pal & Ruichao Song, 2019. "Externalities, entry bias and optimal subsidy policy in oligopoly," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2019-028, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    11. Ohnishi, Kazuhiro, 2018. "Inventory Holding and a Mixed Duopoly with a Foreign Joint-Stock Firm," MPRA Paper 88223, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Kazuhiro Ohnishi, 2019. "Capacity choice in an international mixed triopoly," Working Papers e140, Tokyo Center for Economic Research.
    13. Sang-Ho Lee & Lili Xu, 2018. "Endogenous timing in private and mixed duopolies with emission taxes," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 124(2), pages 175-201, June.
    14. Clò, Stefano & Ferraris, Matteo & Florio, Massimo, 2017. "Ownership and environmental regulation: Evidence from the European electricity industry," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 298-312.
    15. Yi Liu & Toshihiro Matsumura & Chenhang Zeng, 2021. "The relationship between privatization and corporate taxation policies," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 85-101, June.
    16. Xu, Lili & Cho, Sumi & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2016. "Emission tax and optimal privatization in Cournot–Bertrand comparison," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 73-82.
    17. Rupayan Pal & Bibhas Saha, 2014. "Mixed Duopoly and Environment," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 16(1), pages 96-118, February.
    18. Pal, Rupayan & Saha, Bibhas, 2015. "Pollution tax, partial privatization and environment," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 19-35.
    19. Ohnishi, Kazuhiro, 2019. "Capacity choice in an international mixed triopoly," MPRA Paper 94051, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Shoji Haruna & Rajeev K. Goel, 2019. "Optimal pollution control in a mixed oligopoly with research spillovers," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(1), pages 21-40, March.
    21. Shaohua Han & John S. Heywood & Guangliang Ye, 2017. "Informative Advertising in a Mixed Oligopoly," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 51(1), pages 103-125, August.
    22. Rupayan Pal & Prasenjit Banerjee & Pratik Thakkar & A. M. Tanvir Hussain, 2022. "Green firm, brown environment," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 90(2), pages 107-121, March.
    23. Liu, Yi & Lahiri, Sajal & Liu, Tianqi, 2018. "Optimal Partial Privatization in the Presence of Foreign Competition: The Role of Efficiency Differentials and Unemployment," MPRA Paper 91471, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Jan 2019.
    24. Kazuhiro Ohnishi, 2022. "Lifetime Employment and Stackelberg Mixed Duopoly Games with a Foreign Labour-Managed Competitor," Arthaniti: Journal of Economic Theory and Practice, , vol. 21(1), pages 27-42, June.
    25. Rupayan Pal & A.M. Tanvir Hussain & Prasenjit Banerjee, 2018. "Green firm, brown production," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2018-011, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environmental damage; mixed duopoly; privatization; tax-subsidy scheme; foreign firm;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out

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