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Imported inputs and privatization in downstream mixed oligopoly with foreign ownership

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  • Shih-Jye Wu
  • Yang-Ming Chang
  • Hung-Yi Chen

Abstract

This paper examines welfare implications of privatization in a mixed oligopoly with vertically related markets, where an upstream foreign monopolist sells an essential input to public and private firms located downstream in the domestic country. The impact on domestic welfare of privatizing the downstream public firm is shown to contain three effects. The first is an output distortion effect, which negatively affects welfare since privatization decreases the production of final good for consumption. The second is an input price lowering effect resulting from a decrease in derived demand for the input. When the level of privatization increases, a decrease in final good production lowers input demand, causing input price to decline and domestic welfare to increase. The third is a rent-leaking effect associated with foreign ownership in the downstream private firm. The rival domestic firm strategically increases its final good production, causing profits accrued to foreign investors to increase and domestic welfare to decline. Without foreign ownership in the downstream private firm, the optimal policy toward the public firm is complete privatization as the output distortion effect is dominated by the input price lowering effect. With foreign ownership, however, complete privatization can never be socially optimal due to the additional negative impact on domestic welfare of the rent-leaking effect. We further discuss implications for domestic welfare under different privatization schemes (e.g., selling the privatization shares to the upstream foreign monopolist or to the rival domestic firm).

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  • Shih-Jye Wu & Yang-Ming Chang & Hung-Yi Chen, 2016. "Imported inputs and privatization in downstream mixed oligopoly with foreign ownership," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 49(3), pages 1179-1207, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:49:y:2016:i:3:p:1179-1207
    DOI: 10.1111/caje.12229
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    Cited by:

    1. Yi Liu & Toshihiro Matsumura & Chenhang Zeng, 2021. "The relationship between privatization and corporate taxation policies," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 85-101, June.
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    3. Ki‐Dong Lee & Sunghee Choi & Kangsik Choi, 2020. "Bertrand versus Cournot competition in a downstream mixed oligopoly with foreign ownership," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 72(2), pages 101-120, April.
    4. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2020. "Endogenous public and private leadership with diverging social and private marginal costs," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 88(5), pages 699-730, September.
    5. Liu, Qian & Wang, Leonard F.S. & Chen, Charlie L., 2019. "Upstream privatization in mixed markets with retailer's efforts," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 338-345.
    6. Dianshuang Wang & Xiaochun Li, 2020. "Privatization in Vertically Related Markets: Insights from a General Equilibrium Approach," Hacienda Pública Española / Review of Public Economics, IEF, vol. 234(3), pages 3-21, September.
    7. Sato, Susumu & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2019. "Shadow cost of public funds and privatization policies," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C).
    8. Haraguchi, Junichi & Matsumura, Toshihiro & Yoshida, Shohei, 2018. "Competitive pressure from neighboring markets and optimal privatization policy," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 1-8.
    9. John S. Heywood & Shiqiang Wang & Guangliang Ye, 2021. "Partial Privatization Upstream with Spatial Price Discrimination Downstream," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 59(1), pages 57-78, August.
    10. Lee, Sang-Ho & Nakamura, Tamotsu & Park, Chul-Hi, 2017. "Optimal Privatization Policy in a Mixed Eco-Industry in the Presence of Commitments on Abatement Technologies," MPRA Paper 80902, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Zhang, Chuyuan & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2021. "Downstream Subsidization and Upstream Privatization with a Vertically Integrated Foreign Firm," MPRA Paper 108193, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Juan Carlos Bárcena-Ruiz & Quan Dong & Leonard F. S. Wang, 2020. "Foreign-owned firms and partial privatization of state holding corporations," The Japanese Economic Review, Springer, vol. 71(2), pages 287-301, April.

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    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation

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