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Optimal trade, industrial, and privatization policies in a mixed duopoly with strategic managerial incentives

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  • Winston Chang

Abstract

This paper examines optimal trade, industrial, and privatization policies in a home-market model of mixed international duopoly with strategic managerial incentives. Under linear demand and constant marginal costs, the optimal degree of privatization is shown to depend crucially on cost and demand parameters and on the availability of strategic trade and industrial policies. If both firms are equally efficient, optimal trade and industrial policies drive out the foreign firm and the privatization policy loses its effect on national welfare; however, if the home firm is less efficient, then full privatization combined with an import tariff and a production subsidy is optimal for the home country, while an export subsidy is optimal for the foreign country. If trade and industrial policies are unavailable and if both firms are equally efficient, full state-ownership, which drives out the foreign firm, becomes optimal; however, if the home firm is less efficient, only partial privatization is optimal, The state-ownership share is increased if either the market size grows, the home firm's efficiency increases, or the foreign firm's efficiency decreases. Further, the paper demonstrates the potential conflict between privatization and trade liberalization policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Winston Chang, 2007. "Optimal trade, industrial, and privatization policies in a mixed duopoly with strategic managerial incentives," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(1), pages 31-52.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:16:y:2007:i:1:p:31-52
    DOI: 10.1080/09638190601165459
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:12:y:2008:i:28:p:1-10 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2020. "Implicit protectionism via state enterprises and technology transfer from foreign enterprises," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(3), pages 723-743, August.
    3. Chang, Winston W. & Chen, Fang-yueh, 2016. "Strategic managerial delegation and industrial policy competition in vertically-related markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 429-442.
    4. Haraguchi, Junichi & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2021. "Market Concentration, Privatization Policies, and Heterogeneity among Private Firms in Mixed Oligopolies," MPRA Paper 106975, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Mukherjee, Arijit & Sinha, Uday Bhanu, 2014. "Can cost asymmetry be a rationale for privatisation?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 497-503.
    6. Yi Liu & Toshihiro Matsumura & Chenhang Zeng, 2021. "The relationship between privatization and corporate taxation policies," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 133(1), pages 85-101, June.
    7. Ngo Van Long & Frank Stähler, 2009. "Trade policy and mixed enterprises," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 42(2), pages 590-614, May.
    8. Lee, Sang-Ho & Xu, Lili, 2017. "Tariffs and Privatization Policy in a Bilateral Trade Model with Corporate Social Responsibility," MPRA Paper 82042, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Sato, Susumu & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2019. "Shadow cost of public funds and privatization policies," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C).
    10. Liu, Yi & Lahiri, Sajal & Liu, Tianqi, 2018. "Optimal Partial Privatization in the Presence of Foreign Competition: The Role of Efficiency Differentials and Unemployment," MPRA Paper 91471, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Jan 2019.
    11. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho & Wang, Leonard, 2017. "Strategic Trade and Privatization Policies in Bilateral Mixed Markets," MPRA Paper 80340, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Arijit Mukherjee & Kullapat Suetrong, 2013. "Privatization, Incentive Delegation and Foreign Direct Investment," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 24(4), pages 657-676, September.
    13. Jen-Yao Lee & Leonard F. S. Wang, 2018. "Foreign competition and optimal privatization with excess burden of taxation," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 125(2), pages 189-204, October.
    14. Winston W. Chang & Han Eol Ryu, 2015. "Vertically Related Markets, Foreign Competition and Optimal Privatization Policy," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(2), pages 303-319, May.
    15. Haraguchi, Junichi & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2020. "Lack of commitment to future privatization policies may lead to worst welfare outcome," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 181-187.
    16. Liu, Yi & Tan, Yu & Fang, Yu, 2019. "Innovation spillover, licensing, and ex-post privatization in international duopoly," MPRA Paper 95467, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Koji Okuguchi, 2012. "General Analysis of Cournot Mixed Oligopoly with Partial Privatization," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 2(1), pages 48-62, June.
    18. HIGASHIDA Keisaku, 2018. "Subsidies to Public Firms and Competition Modes under a Mixed Duopoly," Discussion papers 18001, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    19. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2021. "Profit‐enhancing entries in mixed oligopolies," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 88(1), pages 33-55, July.
    20. Rudra Sensarma & Bibhas Saha, 2008. "The Distributive Role of Managerial Incentives in a Mixed Duopoly," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 12(28), pages 1-10.
    21. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:6:y:2008:i:37:p:1-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Ngo Long & Frank Staehler, 2008. "How does state ownership affect optimal export taxes?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 6(37), pages 1-7.

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