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Asymmetric Tax Policy Responses in Large Economies With Cross-Border Pollution

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  • Nikos Tsakiris
  • Michael Michael
  • Panos Hatzipanayotou

Abstract

We build a model of cross-border pollution between two large open economies, one importing the polluting good and the other exporting it, and derive their non-cooperative trade and environmental tax policies. We show among other things, that (1) in response to a bilateral reduction in trade taxes by both countries, the former country’s optimal policy is to lower its Nash emissions tax while the latter’s is to raise it, and (2) in response to an increase in emissions tax rates by both countries, the former country’s optimal reaction is to raise its Nash import tariff, while the latter’s is to reduce its Nash export tax. That is, in the present context, freer trade leads the exporting country to adopt stricter while the importing country laxer environmental tax policies. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Nikos Tsakiris & Michael Michael & Panos Hatzipanayotou, 2014. "Asymmetric Tax Policy Responses in Large Economies With Cross-Border Pollution," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 58(4), pages 563-578, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:58:y:2014:i:4:p:563-578
    DOI: 10.1007/s10640-013-9710-7
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Al Khourdajie, Alaa & Finus, Michael, 2020. "Measures to enhance the effectiveness of international climate agreements: The case of border carbon adjustments," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 124(C).
    2. Nikos Tsakiris & Panos Hatzipanayotou & Michael S. Michael, 2019. "Border tax adjustments and tariff‐tax reforms with consumption pollution," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 21(6), pages 1107-1125, December.
    3. Catia Montagna & Avanti Nisha Pinto & Nikolaos Vlassis, 2020. "Welfare and Trade Effects of International Environmental Agreements," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 76(2), pages 331-345, July.

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