Strategic Environmental Policy Under Free Trade with Transboundary Pollution
�We analyze the eff ects of trade liberalization on environmental policies in a strategic setting when there is transboundary pollution. Trade liberalization can result in�a race to the bottom in environmental taxes, which makes both countries worse o ff.�This is not due to the terms of trade motive, but rather the incentive, in a�strategic setting, to reduce the incidence of transboundary pollution. With command and control policies (emission quotas), countries are unable to influence foreign�emissions by strategic choice of domestic policy; hence, there is no race to the bottom. However, with internationally tradable quotas, unless pollution is a pure global�public bad, there is a race to the bottom in environmental policy. Under free trade,�internationally nontradable quotas result in the lowest pollution level and strictly�welfare-dominate taxes. The ordering of internationally tradable quotas and pollution�taxes depends, among other things, on the degree of international pollution spillovers.
|Date of creation:||06 May 2007|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in Review of Development Economics, February 2011, vol. 15 no. 1, pp. 1-18|
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