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Welfare Ranking of Environmental Policies in the Presence of Capital Mobility and Cross-border Pollution

Author

Listed:
  • Nikos Tsakiris
  • Panos Hatzipanayotou

    () (Athens University of Economics and Business)

  • Michael S. Michael

    ()

Abstract

We construct a general equilibrium model of two regions with cross-border pollution, and with inter-regional (RCM) or international (ICM) capital mobility. Each region uses emission taxes, or intra- regionally, or inter-regionally tradable emission permits to reduce pollution. We show that the non-cooperative settings of all three instruments are always inefficient relative to their cooperative settings. When regions are symmetric, then (i) with RCM the non-cooperative setting of intra-regionally tradable emissions permits is welfare superior to that of the other two instruments, and (ii) with ICM the non-cooperative settings of intra-regionally tradable emission permits and of emission taxes are equivalent and superior to that of inter-regionally tradable emission permits.

Suggested Citation

  • Nikos Tsakiris & Panos Hatzipanayotou & Michael S. Michael, 2015. "Welfare Ranking of Environmental Policies in the Presence of Capital Mobility and Cross-border Pollution," DEOS Working Papers 1513, Athens University of Economics and Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:aue:wpaper:1513
    as

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    File URL: http://wpa.deos.aueb.gr/docs/Welfare.Ranking.of.Environmental.Policies.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Xiao Chen & Alan Woodland, 2013. "International trade and climate change," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 20(3), pages 381-413, June.
    2. Nikos Tsakiris & Panos Hatzipanayotou & Michael S. Michael, 2015. "Emission Permits and Public Pollution Abatement:: Can Decentralized Environmental Policies be Efficient?," CESifo Working Paper Series 5278, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Costas Hadjiyiannis & Panos Hatzipanayotou & Michael S. Michael, 2009. "Public Pollution Abatement, Regional Capital Mobility, and Tax Competition," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 75(3), pages 703-719, January.
    4. Copeland, Brian R. & Taylor, M. Scott, 2005. "Free trade and global warming: a trade theory view of the Kyoto protocol," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 205-234, March.
    5. Thomas Eichner & Marco Runkel, 2012. "Interjurisdictional Spillovers, Decentralized Policymaking, and the Elasticity of Capital Supply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(5), pages 2349-2357, August.
    6. Hikaru Ogawa & David E. Wildasin, 2009. "Think Locally, Act Locally: Spillovers, Spillbacks, and Efficient Decentralized Policymaking," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(4), pages 1206-1217, September.
    7. Fabio Antoniou & Panos Hatzipanayotou & Phoebe Koundouri, 2014. "Tradable permits vs ecological dumping when governments act non-cooperatively," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 66(1), pages 188-208, January.
    8. Harvey E. Lapan & Shiva Sikdar, 2011. "Strategic Environmental Policy under Free Trade with Transboundary Pollution," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(1), pages 1-18, February.
    9. David Malueg & Andrew Yates, 2009. "Strategic Behavior, Private Information, and Decentralization in the European Union Emissions Trading System," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 43(3), pages 413-432, July.
    10. Maestad, Ottar, 2007. "Allocation of emission permits with leakage through capital markets," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 40-57, January.
    11. Helm, Carsten, 2003. "International emissions trading with endogenous allowance choices," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(12), pages 2737-2747, December.
    12. Bouwe Dijkstra & Edward Manderson & Tae-Yeoun Lee, 2011. "Extending the Sectoral Coverage of an International Emission Trading Scheme," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 50(2), pages 243-266, October.
    13. P-A. Jouvet & P. Michel & G. Rotillon, 2002. "Capital Allocation and International Equilibrium with Pollution Permits," THEMA Working Papers 2002-02, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    14. Kotsogiannis, Christos & Woodland, Alan, 2013. "Climate and international trade policies when emissions affect production possibilities," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 166-184.
    15. Copeland, Brian R & Taylor, M Scott, 1995. "Trade and Transboundary Pollution," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(4), pages 716-737, September.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cross-border pollution; Tradable emission permits; Capital mobility; Welfare ranking;

    JEL classification:

    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation

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