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Border Tax Adjustments and Tariff-Tax Reforms with Consumption Pollution

Author

Listed:
  • Nikos Tsakiris
  • Panos Hatzipanayotou

    () (Athens University of Economics and Business)

  • Michael S. Michael

    ()

Abstract

We develop a model of a small open economy, where pollution per unit of consumption between domestically produced and imported quantities of the same good differs. We show that the first-best policy combination calls for consumption taxes on all polluting goods, and Border Tax Adjustment (BTA) measures, i.e., tariffs or import subsidies. We identify conditions under which well known tariff-tax reform policies for developing economies, such as a consumer-price-neutral piecemeal reform of a trade and a consumption tax, and a consumer-price-neutral reform of all trade and consumption taxes improve welfare. We also evaluate whether a consumer-price-neutral reform of a tariff and a consumption tax is superior to a reform of a tariff alone.

Suggested Citation

  • Nikos Tsakiris & Panos Hatzipanayotou & Michael S. Michael, 2018. "Border Tax Adjustments and Tariff-Tax Reforms with Consumption Pollution," DEOS Working Papers 1811, Athens University of Economics and Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:aue:wpaper:1811
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumption generated Pollution; Optimal Taxation; Border Tax Adjustments; Trade and Consumption Tax Reforms;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation

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