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Did the World Bank Drive Tariff Reforms in Eastern Africa?

  • Jones, Chris
  • Morrissey, Oliver
  • Nelson, Doug

Summary This paper explores tariff reform in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda between the early 1990s and early 2000s. Tariffs were reformed in an across the board manner consistent with implementing World Bank programs: the average tariff was reduced and the dispersion of tariffs was compressed, with the highest tariffs being eliminated. There is limited evidence of political economy influences on the cross sector pattern of tariffs and reforms, except for a tendency to offer greater protection to larger manufacturing sectors in all countries except Uganda. The technocratic reforms have diluted relative protection and political economy influences in all the four countries.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VC6-50X9SGT-2/2/1b54a3012861c1324ab725672ae58e98
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 39 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (March)
Pages: 324-335

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:39:y:2011:i:3:p:324-335
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

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  1. Grossman, Gene & Helpman, Elhanan, 1993. "Protection for Sale," CEPR Discussion Papers 827, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Hiau Looi Kee & Alessandro Nicita & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2008. "Import Demand Elasticities and Trade Distortions," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(4), pages 666-682, November.
  3. Amelia Santos-Paulino & A. P. Thirlwall, 2004. "The impact of trade liberalisation on exports, imports and the balance of payments of developing countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(493), pages F50-F72, 02.
  4. Amelia U. Santos-Paulino, 2001. "The Effects of Trade Liberalisation on Imports in Selected Developing Countries," Studies in Economics 0110, School of Economics, University of Kent.
  5. C. Milner & O. Morrissey & N. Rudaheranwa, 2000. "Policy and Non-Policy Barriers to Trade and Implicit Taxation of Exports in Uganda," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(2), pages 67-90.
  6. Nash, John & DEC, 1993. "Implementation of trade reform in sub-Saharan Africa : how much heat and how much light?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1218, The World Bank.
  7. Greenaway, David & Morrissey, Oliver, 1993. "Structural Adjustment and Liberalisation in Developing Countries: What Lessons Have We Learned?," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 241-61.
  8. Richard M. Auty & Oliver Morrissey, 1995. "Politics and economic policy reform: Trade liberalization in subā€Saharan Africa," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 7(4), pages 599-618, 07.
  9. Olivier Cadot & Jaime de Melo & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2004. "Lobbying, Counterlobbying, and the Structure of Tariff Protection in Poor and Rich Countries," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 18(3), pages 345-366.
  10. Foroutan, Faezeh, 1993. "Trade reform in ten sub-Saharan African countries : achievements and failures," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1222, The World Bank.
  11. Bigsten, Arne & Gebreeyesus, Mulu, 2008. "Firm Productivity and Exports: Evidence from Ethiopian manufacturing," Working Papers in Economics 303, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  12. Oliver Morrissey, 2004. "Conditionality and Aid Effectiveness Re-evaluated," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(2), pages 153-171, 02.
  13. Oliver Morrissey, 2005. "Imports and Implementation: Neglected Aspects of Trade in the Report of the Commission for Africa," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(6), pages 1133-1153.
  14. Oliver Morrissey & Chris Jones, 2008. "Missed Opportunities: The WTO Trade Policy Review for the East African Community," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(11), pages 1409-1432, November.
  15. Jiandong Ju & Yi Wu & Li Zeng, 2010. "The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 57(2), pages 427-449, June.
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