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Asset market games of survival: a synthesis of evolutionary and dynamic games

Author

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  • Rabah Amir

    ()

  • Igor Evstigneev

    ()

  • Klaus Schenk-Hoppé

    ()

Abstract

The paper examines a game-theoretic model of a financial market in which asset prices are determined endogenously in terms of a short-run equilibrium. Investors use general, adaptive strategies (portfolio rules) depending on the exogenous states of the world and the observed history of the game. The main goal is to identify portfolio rules, allowing an investor to “survive,” i.e., to possess a positive, bounded away from zero, share of market wealth over an infinite time horizon. The model under consideration combines a strategic framework characteristic for stochastic dynamic games with an evolutionary solution concept (survival strategies), thereby linking two fundamental paradigms of game theory. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Suggested Citation

  • Rabah Amir & Igor Evstigneev & Klaus Schenk-Hoppé, 2013. "Asset market games of survival: a synthesis of evolutionary and dynamic games," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 121-144, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:annfin:v:9:y:2013:i:2:p:121-144
    DOI: 10.1007/s10436-012-0210-5
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Amir, Rabah & Evstigneev, Igor V. & Hens, Thorsten & Schenk-Hoppe, Klaus Reiner, 2005. "Market selection and survival of investment strategies," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1-2), pages 105-122, February.
    2. Fabrizio Germano, 2007. "Stochastic Evolution of Rules for Playing Finite Normal Form Games," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 62(4), pages 311-333, May.
    3. Karni, Edi & Schmeidler, David, 1986. "Self-preservation as a foundation of rational behavior under risk," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 71-81, March.
    4. Amos Tversky & Daniel Kahneman, 1991. "Loss Aversion in Riskless Choice: A Reference-Dependent Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(4), pages 1039-1061.
    5. Karl Borch, 1966. "A Utility Function Derived from a Survival Game," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 12(8), pages 287-295, April.
    6. Lawrence Blume & David Easley, 2006. "If You're so Smart, why Aren't You Rich? Belief Selection in Complete and Incomplete Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(4), pages 929-966, July.
    7. Robert J. Shiller, 2003. "From Efficient Markets Theory to Behavioral Finance," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 17(1), pages 83-104, Winter.
    8. Shleifer, Andrei, 2000. "Inefficient Markets: An Introduction to Behavioral Finance," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198292272.
    9. Fudenberg, D. & Harris, C., 1992. "Evolutionary dynamics with aggregate shocks," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 420-441, August.
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    11. Alvaro Sandroni, 2000. "Do Markets Favor Agents Able to Make Accurate Predicitions?," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(6), pages 1303-1342, November.
    12. Yuri Kifer, 2000. "Game options," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 4(4), pages 443-463.
    13. Emanuela Sciubba, 2005. "Asymmetric information and survival in financial markets," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 25(2), pages 353-379, February.
    14. Schwalbe, Ulrich & Walker, Paul, 2001. "Zermelo and the Early History of Game Theory," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 123-137, January.
    15. N. Lesca, 2011. "Introduction," Post-Print halshs-00640604, HAL.
    16. Blume, Lawrence & Easley, David, 1992. "Evolution and market behavior," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 9-40, October.
    17. Cabrales, Antonio, 2000. "Stochastic Replicator Dynamics," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 41(2), pages 451-481, May.
    18. Fuhito Kojima, 2006. "Stability and instability of the unbeatable strategy in dynamic processes," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 2(1), pages 41-53.
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    Cited by:

    1. Palczewski, Jan & Schenk-Hoppé, Klaus Reiner & Wang, Tongya, 2016. "Itchy feet vs cool heads: Flow of funds in an agent-based financial market," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 53-68.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Evolutionary finance; Dynamic games; Stochastic games; Evolutionary game theory; Games of survival; C73; D52; G11;

    JEL classification:

    • C73 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Stochastic and Dynamic Games; Evolutionary Games
    • D52 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Incomplete Markets
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions

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