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Investing in Real Estate: Mortgage Financing Practices and Optimal Holding Period

  • Winston T.H. Koh

    ()

    (School of Economics and Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, 469 Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 259756)

  • Edward H.K. Ng

    ()

    (Department of Finance and Banking, NUS Business School, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 117592)

Real estate investments are typically characterized by high degrees of leverage and long-loan tenures. In perfect capital markets, leverage has no impact on the investment decision apart from tax considerations. However, the mortgage financing market is imperfect in many countries. In the presence of market imperfections, an optimal holding period exists for real property investments. We provide a simple rule to calculate the optimal holding period to compare the required rate of return with the leveraged rate of return on equity.

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Article provided by Asian Real Estate Society in its journal International Real Estate Review.

Volume (Year): 7 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 71-97

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Handle: RePEc:ire:issued:v:07:n:01:2004:p:71-97
Contact details of provider: Postal: Asia Real Estate Society, 51 Monroe Street, Plaza E-6, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Web page: http://www.asres.org/

Order Information: Postal: Asian Real Estate Society, 51 Monroe Street, Plaza E-6, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
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  1. James R. Follain & David C. Ling, 1988. "Another Look at Tenure Choice, Inflation, and Taxes," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 16(3), pages 207-229.
  2. Roger G. Ibbotson & Laurence B. Siegel, 1984. "Real Estate Returns: A Comparison with Other Investments," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 12(3), pages 219-242.
  3. William B. Brueggeman & Jeffrey D. Fisher & Jerrold J. Stern, 1981. "Federal Income Taxes, Inflation and Holding Periods for Income-Producing Property," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 9(2), pages 148-164.
  4. Michel Glower & Donald R. Haurin & Patric H. Hendershott, 1998. "Selling Time and Selling Price: The Influence of Seller Motivation," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 26(4), pages 719-740.
  5. Genesove, D. & Mayer, C.J., 1994. "Equity and Time to Sale in the Real Estate Market," Working papers 94-02, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  6. Grenadier, Steven R., 1995. "Valuing lease contracts A real-options approach," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 297-331, July.
  7. Patric H. Hendershott & David C. Ling, 1984. "Trading and the Tax Shelter Value of Depreciable Real Estate," NBER Working Papers 1267, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Gau, George W & Wang, Ko, 1994. "The Tax-Induced Holding Periods of Real Estate Investors: Theory and Empirical Evidence," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 71-85, January.
  9. Peter Linneman & Susan Wachter, 1989. "The Impacts of Borrowing Constraints on Homeownership," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 17(4), pages 389-402.
  10. George W. Gau & Ko Wang, 1990. "Capital Structure Decisions in Real Estate Investment," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 18(4), pages 501-521.
  11. David C. Ling & Michael J. Whinihan, 1985. "Valuing Depreciable Real Estate: A New Methodology," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 13(2), pages 181-194.
  12. Andrew H. Chen & David C. Ling, 1989. "Optimal Mortgage Refinancing with Stochastic Interest Rates," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 17(3), pages 278-299.
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