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Trading and the Tax Shelter Value of Depreciable Real Estate

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  • Patric H. Hendershott
  • David C. Ling

Abstract

For well-diversified investors in depreciable real estate, the trading decision may be made with the sole objective of maximizing the property's depreciation tax shelter net of all capital gain taxes and transaction costs.This paper develops a dynamic programming model in which the optimal trading strategies and depreciation methods of all investors in a property are simultaneously determined. The effects of inflation, depreciation, recapture and choice of depreciation method are analyzed, and the costs of suboptimal trading are measured. The model is applied to both conventional residential and commercial income properties under post-ERTA tax rules. At single digitinflation rates, properties are traded multiple times, and the costs of suboptimal trading are significant.

Suggested Citation

  • Patric H. Hendershott & David C. Ling, 1984. "Trading and the Tax Shelter Value of Depreciable Real Estate," NBER Working Papers 1267, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:1267
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    File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w1267.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. C. F. Sirmans, 1980. "Minimum Tax, Recapture and Choice of Depreciation Methods," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 8(3), pages 255-267.
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    Cited by:

    1. Winston T.H. Koh & Edward H.K. Ng, 2004. "Investing in Real Estate: Mortgage Financing Practices and Optimal Holding Period," International Real Estate Review, Asian Real Estate Society, vol. 7(1), pages 71-97.
    2. James M. Poterba, 1990. "Taxation and Housing Markets: Preliminary Evidence on the Effects of Recent Tax Reforms," NBER Working Papers 3270, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Patric H. Hendershott & David C. Ling, 1984. "Prospective Changes in Tax Law and the Value of Depreciable Real Estate," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 12(3), pages 297-317.
    4. repec:ntj:journl:v:70:y:2017:i:3:p:549-584 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Roger H. Gordon & James R. Hines, Jr. & Lawrence H. Summers, 1987. "Notes on the Tax Treatment of Structures," NBER Chapters,in: The Effects of Taxation on Capital Accumulation, pages 223-258 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. John V. Duca & Patric H. Hendershott & David C. Ling, 2017. "How Taxes and Required Returns Drove Commercial Real Estate Valuations over the Past Four Decades," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 70(3), pages 549-584, September.
    7. Follain, James R. & Ondrich, Jan & Sinha, Gyan P., 1997. "Ruthless Prepayment? Evidence from Multifamily Mortgages," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 78-101, January.
    8. Jeffrey D. Fisher & George H. Lentz & K.S. Maurice Tse, 1992. "Valuation of the Effects of Asbestos on Commercial Real Estate," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 7(3), pages 331-350.
    9. Cheng, Ping & Lin, Zhenguo & Liu, Yingchun, 2010. "Illiquidity, transaction cost, and optimal holding period for real estate: Theory and application," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 109-118, June.
    10. Wayne Archer & David Ling & Brent C Smith, 2010. "Ownership Duration in the Residential Housing Market: The Influence of Structure, Tenure, Household and Neighborhood Factors," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 40(1), pages 41-61, January.
    11. Patric H. Hendershott & David C. Ling, 1984. "Tax Reform and Housing," NBER Working Papers 1524, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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