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Has Trade Openness Increased all Portuguese Public Expenditures? A Detailed Time-Series Study

Author

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  • Paulo Reis Mourao

    (Department of Economics, University of Minho, Braga Portugal)

Abstract

This work aims at identifying the public outlays that has been influenced by the growth of Portuguese trade openness since the end of World War II. For the Portuguese reality, it is one of the first attempts to discuss a large set of simultaneously tested control variables. For this purpose, the methodology started from a model that tries to the public expenditures to a system of simultaneous macroeconomic forces and, for testing, it followed the steps associated with cointegration analysis. Using the most convenient techniques, a restrictive set of four expenditures (subsidies, interest payments, other current expenditures, and total public expenditures as a proportion of GDP) was found among the wider set suggested by the Literature. The nature of these expenditures supports the claim that, for the Portuguese case, a particular validity of the compensation hypothesis has been observed. The achieved evidence promotes an important rule: in addition to there being a long-term relation between (some) public expenditures and trade openness, short-term relations may also appear.

Suggested Citation

  • Paulo Reis Mourao, 2007. "Has Trade Openness Increased all Portuguese Public Expenditures? A Detailed Time-Series Study," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 31(3), pages 225-247.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipf:finteo:v:31:y:2007:i:3:p:225-247
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    File URL: http://www.ijf.hr/eng/FTP/2007/3/mourao.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Paulo Reis Mourão, 2011. "Has Trade Openness Already Voted? A Panel Data Study," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 47(0), pages 53-71, November.
    2. Estela Sáenz & Marcela Sabaté & M. Gadea, 2013. "Trade openness and public expenditure. The Spanish case, 1960–2000," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 154(3), pages 173-195, March.
    3. Estela Sáenz Rodríguez & Marcela Sabaté Sort & Mª. Dolores Gadea Rivas, 2011. "¿Condiciona la apertura exterior el tamaño del sector público? Un panorama," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 198(3), pages 131-149, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    globalization; economic policy; government expenditure composition;

    JEL classification:

    • H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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