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The Influence of globalization on taxes and social policy - an empirical enalysis for OECD countries


  • Axel Dreher

    (Department of Economics, University of Exeter)


Using panel regression for the period 1970-2000 the paper analyzes whether globalization has influenced the OECD countries' social and overall spending as well as their implicit tax rates on labor, consumption and capital. Accounting for potential endogeneity of the regressors, the results show that globalization (measured by an index covering 23 variables) did not decrease the leeway for independent economic policy. Globalization even increased implicit tax rates on capital – a result that is mainly driven by economic integration. Depending on the method of estimation, increasing social integration also plays a role, while political integration does not matter for economic policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Axel Dreher, 2003. "The Influence of globalization on taxes and social policy - an empirical enalysis for OECD countries," Discussion Papers 0301, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:exe:wpaper:0301

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    globalization; economic policy; government expenditure; social spending; implicit tax rates; dynamic panel;

    JEL classification:

    • H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models


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