Has Globalization Affected Collective Bargaining? An Empirical Test, 1980-2009
Theoretical models predict that globalization changes the nature of collective bargaining. Yet, the extant empirical evidence is inconclusive. We investigate the influence of globalization on three aspects of collective bargaining (degree of decentralization, union density, extent of government intervention) in industrialized and transition countries. Our innovations over the existing empirical literature are (i) the reliance on a more comprehensive dataset (44 countries from 1980 to 2009) and (ii) the use of dynamic panel data estimators. We find that economic globalization has depressed unionization rates, while the extent of decentralization and government intervention in collective bargaining have not been affected.
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