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Incompatible European Partners? Cultural Predispositions and Household Financial Behavior

Author

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  • Michael Haliassos

    (CEPR and NETSPAR, Goethe University Frankfurt, 60323 Frankfurt am Main, Germany)

  • Thomas Jansson

    (Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden)

  • Yigitcan Karabulut

    (CEPR and Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, 3062 PA Rotterdam, Netherlands)

Abstract

The recent influx of migrants and refugees into Europe and elsewhere raises questions as to whether migrant behavior reflects cultural predispositions and whether assimilation through exposure to host institutions can be expected. The paper focuses on financial behavior and uses high-quality administrative data on migrants and refugees to Sweden. It uncovers differences across cultural groups in how behavior relates to household characteristics, and shows that differences diminish with exposure to host country institutions, even for large cultural distances. Interestingly, robust cultural classification of European countries based on genetic distance or on Hofstede’s cultural dimensions fails to identify a single “southern” culture but points to a “northern” culture. Our results also have implications for the potential of European institutional harmonization, exogenously imposed during the fiscal crisis, to alleviate cultural differences in financial behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Haliassos & Thomas Jansson & Yigitcan Karabulut, 2017. "Incompatible European Partners? Cultural Predispositions and Household Financial Behavior," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 63(11), pages 3780-3808, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:63:y:2017:i:11:p:3780-3808
    DOI: 10.1287/mnsc.2016.2538
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    Cited by:

    1. Koeniger, Winfried & Ramelet, Marc-Antoine, 2018. "Home Ownership and Monetary Policy Transmission," IZA Discussion Papers 11950, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Anna Magdalena Korzeniowska, 2021. "Heterogeneity of government social spending in European Union countries," Future Business Journal, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 1-9, December.
    3. Asgharian, Hossein & Liu, Lu & Lundtofte, Frederik, 2014. "Institutional Quality, Trust and Stock-Market Participation: Learning to Forget," Working Papers 2014:39, Lund University, Department of Economics.
    4. Davoli, Maddalena & Rodríguez-Planas, Núria, 2020. "Culture and adult financial literacy: Evidence from the United States," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 78(C).
    5. Cristian Badarinza & John Y. Campbell & Tarun Ramadorai, 2016. "International Comparative Household Finance," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 8(1), pages 111-144, October.
    6. Kenneth De Beckker & Kristof De Witte & Geert Van Campenhout, 2020. "The role of national culture in financial literacy: Cross‐country evidence," Journal of Consumer Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(3), pages 912-930, September.
    7. Luik, Marc-André & Steinhardt, Max Friedrich, 2016. "Immigrant-native differences in stockholding – The role of cognitive and non-cognitive skills," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(PA), pages 103-119.
    8. Florentsen, Bjarne & Nielsson, Ulf & Raahauge, Peter & Rangvid, Jesper, 2020. "Turning local: Home-bias dynamics of relocating foreigners," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 436-452.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    household portfolios; household finance; culture and economic behavior;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth

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