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The Exact Distribution of LIML: II

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  • Phillips, Peter C B

Abstract

It is shown that the exact finite sample distribution of the limited information maximum likelihood (LIML) estimator in a general and leading single equation case is multivariate Cauchy. When the LIML estimator utilizes a known error covariance matrix (LIMLK) it is proved that the same Cauchy distribution still applies. The corresponding result for the instrumental variable (IV) estimator is a form of multivariate t density where the degrees of freedom depend on the number of instruments.
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  • Phillips, Peter C B, 1985. "The Exact Distribution of LIML: II," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 26(1), pages 21-36, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:ier:iecrev:v:26:y:1985:i:1:p:21-36
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Naoto Kunitomo, 1981. "On A Third Order Optimum Property of The LIML Estimator When the Sample Size is Large," Discussion Papers 502, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
    2. P. C. B. Phillips, 1980. "Finite Sample Theory and the Distributions of Alternative Estimators of the Marginal Propensity to Consume," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 47(1), pages 183-224.
    3. Fuller, Wayne A, 1977. "Some Properties of a Modification of the Limited Information Estimator," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 45(4), pages 939-953, May.
    4. Wegge, Leon L, 1971. "The Finite Sampling Distribution of Least Squares Estimators with Stochastic Regressors," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 39(2), pages 241-251, March.
    5. Kelejian, Harry H, 1974. "Random Parameters in a Simultaneous Equation Framework: Identification and Estimation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 42(3), pages 517-527, May.
    6. Mariano, Roberto S, 1977. "Finite Sample Properties of Instrumental Variable Estimators of Structural Coefficients," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 45(2), pages 487-496, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Phillips, 2010. "Two New Zealand pioneer econometricians," New Zealand Economic Papers, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(1), pages 1-26.
    2. Peter C.B. Phillips, 1983. "Finite Sample Econometrics Using ERA's," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 683, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    3. Chao, John C. & Phillips, Peter C. B., 2002. "Jeffreys prior analysis of the simultaneous equations model in the case with n+1 endogenous variables," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 111(2), pages 251-283, December.
    4. Chao, John & Swanson, Norman R., 2007. "Alternative approximations of the bias and MSE of the IV estimator under weak identification with an application to bias correction," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 137(2), pages 515-555, April.
    5. Dufour, J.M., 2001. "Logique et tests d'hypotheses: reflexions sur les problemes mal poses en econometrie," Cahiers de recherche 2001-15, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
    6. Jean-Marie Dufour, 2003. "Identification, weak instruments, and statistical inference in econometrics," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 36(4), pages 767-808, November.
    7. T. W. Anderson & Naoto Kunitomo & Yukitoshi Matsushita, 2009. "The Limited Information Maximum Likelihood Estimator as an Angle," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-619, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    8. Phillips, Peter C. B., 1988. "Conditional and unconditional statistical independence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 341-348, July.
    9. repec:eee:econom:v:199:y:2017:i:2:p:96-116 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Chao, J. C. & Phillips, P. C. B., 1998. "Posterior distributions in limited information analysis of the simultaneous equations model using the Jeffreys prior," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 49-86, August.
    11. Rodrigo Alfaro, 2008. "Higher Order Properties of the Symmetricallr Normalized Instrumental Variable Estimator," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 500, Central Bank of Chile.
    12. Dufour, Jean-Marie, 2001. "Logique et tests d’hypothèses," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 77(2), pages 171-190, juin.
    13. Douglas Staiger & James H. Stock, 1997. "Instrumental Variables Regression with Weak Instruments," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(3), pages 557-586, May.
    14. Chirok Han & Peter C. B. Phillips, 2006. "GMM with Many Moment Conditions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(1), pages 147-192, January.
    15. Phillips, Peter C.B., 2006. "A Remark On Bimodality And Weak Instrumentation In Structural Equation Estimation," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 22(05), pages 947-960, October.
    16. Forchini, Giovanni, 2010. "The Asymptotic Distribution Of The Liml Estimator In A Partially Identified Structural Equation," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(03), pages 917-930, June.
    17. Phillips, Peter C.B. & Magdalinos, Tassos, 2013. "Inconsistent Var Regression With Common Explosive Roots," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 29(04), pages 808-837, August.
    18. Hillier, Grant & Kan, Raymond & Wang, Xiaolu, 2009. "Computationally Efficient Recursions For Top-Order Invariant Polynomials With Applications," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(01), pages 211-242, February.
    19. David F. Hendry & Peter C.B. Phillips, 2017. "John Denis Sargan at the London School of Economics," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 2082, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    20. John C. Chao & Peter C.B. Phillips, 1996. "Bayesian Posterior Distributions in Limited Information Analysis of the Simultaneous Equations Model Using the Jeffreys Prior," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1137, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    21. Phillips, Peter C B, 1994. "Some Exact Distribution Theory for Maximum Likelihood Estimators of Cointegrating Coefficients in Error Correction Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(1), pages 73-93, January.
    22. Phillips, Peter C.B. & Gao, Wayne Yuan, 2017. "Structural inference from reduced forms with many instruments," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 199(2), pages 96-116.
    23. Grant H. Hillier, 1987. "Joint Distribution Theory for Some Statistics Based on LIML and TSLS," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 840, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    24. Marmer, Vadim & Sakata, Shinichi, 2011. "Instrumental Variables Estimation and Weak-Identification-Robust Inference Based on a Conditional Quantile Restriction," Microeconomics.ca working papers vadim_marmer-2011-26, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 28 Sep 2011.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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