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Internationalisation and the agglomeration effect in the global value chain: the case of Italian automotive suppliers

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  • Emanuele Bacchiocchi
  • Massimo Florio
  • Anna Giunta

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study the internationalisation process in a representative sample of 786 firms operating in the Italian automotive industry, a paradigmatic example of a producer driven global value chain. Building on the global value chain literature, the contribution this paper makes is by taking into account the agglomeration and the chain governance dimension (vertical linkages with a leader automotive firm) together in order to investigate what is their respective role in enhancing internationalisation of supplier firms in the automotive industry. After performing a probit regression analysis, we find that being located in a high-density industrial district and producing more research-intensive automotive-specific goods, increase the probability of internationalisation of the supplier firm. High dependency from domestic sales to FIAT, the dominant firm in the Italian market, and being a subcontractor of generic goods has the opposite effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Emanuele Bacchiocchi & Massimo Florio & Anna Giunta, 2012. "Internationalisation and the agglomeration effect in the global value chain: the case of Italian automotive suppliers," International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 5(3), pages 267-290.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijtlid:v:5:y:2012:i:3:p:267-290
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    1. Emanuele Bacchiocchi & Massimo Florio & Anna Giunta, 2014. "Internationalization and industrial districts: evidence from the Italian automotive supply chain," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(1), pages 1-21, January.
    2. Davide Bubbico, 2014. "Economic Actors and Local Institutions in Activities in Support of the Automotive Sector in Southern Italy," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 4, January.
    3. McWilliam, Sarah E. & Kim, Jung Kwan & Mudambi, Ram & Nielsen, Bo Bernhard, 2020. "Global value chain governance: Intersections with international business," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 55(4).
    4. Massimo Florio & Julie Pellegrin & Emanuela Sirtori, 2014. "Research intensive clusters and regional innovation systems: a case study of mechatronics in Apulia," Working Papers 201403, CSIL Centre for Industrial Studies.

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