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The Internationalization of Production by Italian Industrial Districts' Firms: Structural and Behavioural Determinants

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  • Sergio Mariotti
  • Marco Mutinelli
  • Lucia Piscitello

Abstract

Mariotti S., Mutinelli M. and Piscitello L. The internationalization of production by Italian industrial districts' firms: structural and behavioural determinants, Regional Studies. The paper argues that structural and behavioural determinants combine to influence internationalization of production through foreign direct investment (FDI) by industrial districts' firms. As far as the former, leadership effects, represented by the presence of large firms within the district, and Porterian effects, denoted by the intensity of domestic rivalry, positively influence the likelihood that district firms will start internationalize through FDI. Moreover, spillovers induced by the presence of foreign-owned multinational corporations positively impact on the district's degree of internationalization, provided it has already autonomously developed the ability to grow internationally. As far as behavioural features, previous export relationships increase the district firms' likelihood of undertaking FDI, while innovative capacity joins and strengthens internationalization processes already started. [image omitted] Mariotti S., Mutinelli M. et Piscitello L. L'internationalisation de la production par les entreprises situees dans les districts industriels italiens. Les determinants structurels et de comportement. Regional Studies. Cet article affirme que les determinants structurels et de comportement se combinent pour influer sur l'internationalisation de la production au moyen de l'IDE des entreprises situees dans les districts industriels. En ce qui concerne ces determinants-la, des effets d'entrainement, representes par la presence des grandes entreprises au sein du district, et des effets du type Porter, representes par l'ampleur de la rivalite interieure, influent de facon positive sur la possibilite que les entreprises situees dans les districts aillent s'internationaliser au moyen de l'IDE. Qui plus est, les retombees dues a la presence des societes multinationales a capital majoritaire etranger influent de facon positive sur le taux d'internationalisation du district, pourvu que ce dernier ait deja developpee de maniere autonome la capacite de s'agrandir sur le plan international. Quant aux determinants de comportement, des rapports d'exportation anterieurs accroissent la probabilite que les entreprises du district font de l'IDE, alors que la capacite innovatrice se reunit aux processus d'internationalisation en vigueur et les renforcent. Districts industriels Internationalisation de la production Societes multinationales Retombees Mariotti S., Mutinelli M. und Piscitello L. Die Internationalisierung der Produktion von Firmen in italienischen Industriebezirken: Strukturelle und verhaltensspezifische Determinanten, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag wird die These aufgestellt, dass die strukturellen und verhaltensspezifischen Determinanten gemeinsam einen Einfluss auf die Internationalisierung der Produktion durch die auslandischen Direktinvestitionen von Firmen des Industriebezirks ausuben. Was die strukturellen Determinanten anbelangt, so wirken sich die Fuhrungseffekte (reprasentiert durch die Prasenz grosserer Firmen im Bezirk) sowie die Porter-Effekte (gekennzeichnet durch die Intensitat der einheimischen Rivalitat) positiv auf die Wahrscheinlichkeit aus, dass Firmen im Bezirk durch auslandische Direktinvestitionen mit einer Internationalisierung beginnen. Daruber hinaus ubt die Wissensubertragung, die durch die Prasenz eines multinationalen Konzerns in auslandischem Eigentum herbeigefuhrt wird, einen positiven Einfluss auf das Ausmass der Internationalisierung im Bezirk aus, sofern der Bezirk die Fahigkeit zum internationalen Wachstum bereits auf autonome Weise entwickelt hat. Was die verhaltensspezifischen Determinanten anbelangt, erhoht sich durch Exportverhaltnisse der Vergangenheit die Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass die Firmen auslandische Direktinvestitionen vornehmen, wahrend die innovative Kapazitat den bereits begonnenen Internationalisierungsprozess begleitet und verstarkt. Industriebezirke Internationalisierung der Produktion Multinationale Konzerne Wissensubertragung Mariotti S., Mutinelli M. y Piscitello L. La internacionalizacion de la produccion de empresas industriales en comarcas italianas, Regional Studies. Determinantes estructurales y de comportamiento En este articulo sostenemos que los determinantes estructurales y de comportamiento se combinan para influir en la internacionalizacion de la produccion a traves de la Inversion Directa Extranjera (IDE) en las empresas de comarcas industriales. En lo que respecta a lo anterior, los efectos de liderazgo, representados por la presencia de grandes empresas dentro de la comarca, y los efectos porterianos, marcados por la intensidad de la competencia nacional, influyen positivamente en la probabilidad de que las empresas comarcales empiecen a internacionalizarse a traves de la IDE. Ademas, los desbordamientos provocados por la presencia de empresas multinacionales de propiedad extranjera tienen un efecto positivo en el grado de internacionalizacion comarcal, siempre y cuando ya haya desarrollado de modo autonomo la capacidad de crecer a nivel internacional. En lo que respecta a las caracteristicas de comportamiento, las relaciones de exportacion previas aumentan la probabilidad de las empresas comarcales a participar en la IDE a la vez que la capacidad innovadora incorpora y refuerza los procesos de internacionalizacion que ya habian comenzado. Comarcas industriales Internacionalizacion de la produccion Corporaciones multinacionales Desbordamientos

Suggested Citation

  • Sergio Mariotti & Marco Mutinelli & Lucia Piscitello, 2008. "The Internationalization of Production by Italian Industrial Districts' Firms: Structural and Behavioural Determinants," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(5), pages 719-735.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:42:y:2008:i:5:p:719-735
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400701543264
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, January.
    2. Giacomo Becattini & Marco Bellandi & Gabi Del Ottati & Fabio Sforzi, 2003. "From Industrial Districts to Local Development," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 2884.
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    1. Emanuele Bacchiocchi & Massimo Florio & Anna Giunta, 2014. "Internationalization and industrial districts: evidence from the Italian automotive supply chain," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(1), pages 1-21, January.
    2. Elia, Stefano & Maggi, Elena & Mariotti, Ilaria, 2011. "Does the transport industry gain from manufacturing internationalization? An empirical investigation on the Italian regions," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 49, pages 53-74.
    3. Sabatini, Fabio, 2009. "Does social capital create trust? Evidence from a community of entrepreneurs," AICCON Working Papers 58-2009, Associazione Italiana per la Cultura della Cooperazione e del Non Profit.
    4. Emanuele Bacchiocchi & Massimo Florio & Anna Giunta, 2012. "Internationalisation and the agglomeration effect in the global value chain: the case of Italian automotive suppliers," International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 5(3), pages 267-290.
    5. Nunzia Carbonara & Ilaria Giannoccaro, 2014. "Determinants of MNC location choice in industrial districts: an empirical analysis in Italy," Chapters,in: Agglomeration, Clusters and Entrepreneurship, chapter 5, pages 85-102 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Mariasole Bann√ö & Diego Giuliani & Enrico Zaninotto, 2014. "Going abroad on regional shoulders: The role of spillovers on the composition of regional exports," DEM Discussion Papers 2014/06, Department of Economics and Management.
    7. Mariasole Bannò & Marika Vezzoli & Maurizio Carpita, 2011. "Disentangling the Innovation - Internalization Process Through a Structural Equation Model," ERSA conference papers ersa11p195, European Regional Science Association.
    8. Elia, Stefano & Mariotti, Ilaria & Piscitello, Lucia, 2009. "The impact of outward FDI on the home country's labour demand and skill composition," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 357-372, August.
    9. Carbonara , Nunzia & Tavassoli, Sam, 2013. "The Role of Knowledge Heterogeneity on the Innovative Capability of Industrial Districts," Papers in Innovation Studies 2013/35, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    10. Ida D'Attoma & Silvia Pacei, 2014. "Offshoring and Firm Performance: Evidence from the Italian Manufacturing Industry," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(1), pages 29-44, February.
    11. Mariachiara Barzotto & Giancarlo Corò & Ilaria Mariotti & Marco Mutinelli, 2016. "The impact of Inward FDI on host country labour markets. A counterfactual analysis on Italian manufacturing companies," Working Papers 1612, c.MET-05 - Centro Interuniversitario di Economia Applicata alle Politiche per L'industria, lo Sviluppo locale e l'Internazionalizzazione.

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