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The ECB’s Fight against Low Inflation: On the Effects of Ultra-Low Interest Rates

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  • Ad van Riet

    () (Directorate Monetary Policy, European Central Bank (ECB), Sonnemannstrasse 20, 60314 Frankfurt am Main, Germany)

Abstract

Starting in June 2014, the European Central Bank (ECB) stepped up its monetary accommodation in order to counter a too prolonged period of low inflation in the euro area. This article offers a narrative of the monetary policy measures taken up to December 2016 and a review of the effects of ultra-low interest rates. The exceptional monetary stimulus transmitted to the economy broadly as intended. Moreover, it enhanced the financial capacity of economic agents to bear risks. At the same time, the ECB and the European micro- and macro-prudential authorities remained watchful of the unintended side-effects of an extended period of very low or negative interest rates for financial intermediation, financial stability and market discipline and took preventive or corrective measures as appropriate. A joint plan of action carried out by the 19 member countries with the aim to speed up balance sheet repair, accelerate the economic recovery and achieve higher productivity growth could have contributed to a more effective euro area macroeconomic and financial policy mix.

Suggested Citation

  • Ad van Riet, 2017. "The ECB’s Fight against Low Inflation: On the Effects of Ultra-Low Interest Rates," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(2), pages 1-27, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jijfss:v:5:y:2017:i:2:p:12-:d:95264
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. van Riet, Ad, 2017. "Monetary Policy Stretched to the Limit: How Could Governments Support the European Central Bank?," MPRA Paper 83451, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. repec:kuk:journl:v:51:y:2018:i:1:p:93-111 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:gam:jijfss:v:6:y:2018:i:3:p:63-:d:155847 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ECB monetary policy; quantitative easing; negative interest rates; financial stability;

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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