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Transition of Future Energy System Infrastructure; through Power-to-Gas Pathways

Author

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  • Azadeh Maroufmashat

    (Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada)

  • Michael Fowler

    (Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada)

Abstract

Power-to-gas is a promising option for storing interment renewables, nuclear baseload power, and distributed energy and it is a novel concept for the transition to increased renewable content of current fuels with an ultimate goal of transition to a sustainable low-carbon future energy system that interconnects power, transportation sectors and thermal energy demand all together. The aim of this paper is to introduce different Power-to-gas “pathways”, including Power to Hydrogen, Power to Natural Gas End-users, Power to Renewable Content in Petroleum Fuel, Power to Power, Seasonal Energy Storage to Electricity, Power to Zero Emission Transportation, Power to Seasonal Storage for Transportation, Power to Micro grid, Power to Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) to Pipeline (“Methanation”), and Power to Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) to Seasonal Storage. In order to compare the different pathways, the review of key technologies of Power-to-gas systems are studied and the qualitative efficiency and benefits of each pathway is investigated from the technical points of view. Moreover, different Power-to-gas pathways are discussed as an energy policy option that can be implemented to transition towards a lower carbon economy for Ontario’s energy systems.

Suggested Citation

  • Azadeh Maroufmashat & Michael Fowler, 2017. "Transition of Future Energy System Infrastructure; through Power-to-Gas Pathways," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(8), pages 1-22, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:8:p:1089-:d:105940
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    5. Jonathan Ranisau & Mohammed Barbouti & Aaron Trainor & Nidhi Juthani & Yaser K. Salkuyeh & Azadeh Maroufmashat & Michael Fowler, 2017. "Power-to-Gas Implementation for a Polygeneration System in Southwestern Ontario," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(9), pages 1-19, September.
    6. Eveloy, Valerie & Gebreegziabher, Tesfaldet, 2019. "Excess electricity and power-to-gas storage potential in the future renewable-based power generation sector in the United Arab Emirates," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 166(C), pages 426-450.
    7. Kazuhiro Hikima & Masaharu Tsujimoto & Mizutomo Takeuchi & Yuya Kajikawa, 2020. "Transition Analysis of Budgetary Allocation for Projects on Hydrogen-Related Technologies in Japan," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(20), pages 1-15, October.
    8. Suaad S. Al-Zakwani & Azadeh Maroufmashat & Abdelkader Mazouz & Michael Fowler & Ali Elkamel, 2019. "Allocation of Ontario’s Surplus Electricity to Different Power-to-Gas Applications," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(14), pages 1-18, July.
    9. Petkov, Ivalin & Gabrielli, Paolo, 2020. "Power-to-hydrogen as seasonal energy storage: an uncertainty analysis for optimal design of low-carbon multi-energy systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 274(C).
    10. Talebian, Hoda & Herrera, Omar E. & Tran, Martino & Mérida, Walter, 2018. "Electrification of road freight transport: Policy implications in British Columbia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 109-118.
    11. Carlos V. Miguel & Adélio Mendes & Luís M. Madeira, 2018. "An Overview of the Portuguese Energy Sector and Perspectives for Power-to-Gas Implementation," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(12), pages 1-20, November.
    12. Jie Xing & Peng Wu, 2021. "Optimal Planning of Electricity-Natural Gas Coupling System Considering Power to Gas Facilities," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 14(12), pages 1-19, June.
    13. Koj, Jan Christian & Wulf, Christina & Zapp, Petra, 2019. "Environmental impacts of power-to-X systems - A review of technological and methodological choices in Life Cycle Assessments," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 865-879.
    14. Furat Dawood & GM Shafiullah & Martin Anda, 2020. "Stand-Alone Microgrid with 100% Renewable Energy: A Case Study with Hybrid Solar PV-Battery-Hydrogen," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(5), pages 1-17, March.
    15. Ali Elkamel, 2018. "Energy Production Systems," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(10), pages 1-4, September.
    16. Jing Liu & Wei Sun & Gareth P. Harrison, 2019. "Optimal Low-Carbon Economic Environmental Dispatch of Hybrid Electricity-Natural Gas Energy Systems Considering P2G," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(7), pages 1-17, April.
    17. Capros, Pantelis & Zazias, Georgios & Evangelopoulou, Stavroula & Kannavou, Maria & Fotiou, Theofano & Siskos, Pelopidas & De Vita, Alessia & Sakellaris, Konstantinos, 2019. "Energy-system modelling of the EU strategy towards climate-neutrality," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C).

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