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The Impact of Basel III on Lending Rates of EU Banks

In this paper we focus on practical aspects of the new framework for banking regulation in the European Union as defined in Basel III and Capital Requirements Directive IV. We employ a simultaneous equations model where banks choose the optimal level of capital, which is seen as a call option. In our modeling, we employ data on 594 banks in the European Union during the 2006–2011 period. Our results predict a modest drop in the level of loans provided of about 2% from the current level. The drop in loans is not expected to be large because (i) many European banks are already complying with the capital requirements even though they are not yet fully compulsory, (ii) the impact of a one percentage point increase in the common equity ratio should lead to an increase in lending rates of only 18.8 basis points, and (iii) the elasticity of demand for loans in the EU is reported to be relatively low. Taking into consideration the seven-year implementation period for the new capital requirements, the impacts should not be very perceptible for the EU economies.

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Article provided by Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences in its journal Finance a uver - Czech Journal of Economics and Finance.

Volume (Year): 63 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Pages: 226-243

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Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:63:y:2013:i:3:p:226-243
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  1. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009. "Varieties of Crises and Their Dates," Introductory Chapters,in: This Time Is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly Princeton University Press.
  2. Peek, Joe & Rosengren, Eric, 1995. "The Capital Crunch: Neither a Borrower nor a Lender Be," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(3), pages 625-638, August.
  3. Reinhart, Karmen & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2009. ""This time is different": panorama of eight centuries of financial crises," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 1, pages 77-114, March.
  4. Patrick Slovik & Boris Cournède, 2011. "Macroeconomic Impact of Basel III," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 844, OECD Publishing.
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