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La demanda de gasolinas en México: Efectos y alternativas ante el cambio climático

Author

Listed:
  • Orlando Reyes.

    () (Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, España.)

  • Roberto Escalante.

    () (UNAM.)

  • Anna Matas.

    () (Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, España.)

Abstract

El autotransporte es de los sectores más contaminantes en México, generando alrededor de 17% del total de emisiones de CO2. El consumo de gasolina y diesel son la principal fuente de estas emisiones. Este artículo analiza empíricamente la demanda de gasolinas del sector au¬tomotor en México durante el periodo 1960-2008. Las estimaciones de las elasticidades de largo y corto plazos del precio e ingreso fueron: -0.285, -0.041, 1.004 y 0.721, lo que impli¬ca que la demanda de gasolinas es sensible a la trayectoria del ingreso e inelástica a los pre¬cios. Por tanto, un crecimiento económico continuo, sin una adecuada política de precios, generará un aumento en el consumo de gasolinas. Esta situación puede ser más grave al con¬siderar los efectos del cambio climático suponiendo una demanda relativamente constante. Bajo estas circunstancias es necesario implantar diversas políticas públicas simultáneamen-te para frenar las consecuencias del consumo de gasolinas sobre el cambio climático.

Suggested Citation

  • Orlando Reyes. & Roberto Escalante. & Anna Matas., 2010. "La demanda de gasolinas en México: Efectos y alternativas ante el cambio climático," Economía: teoría y práctica, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, México, vol. 32(1), pages 83-111, Enero-Jun.
  • Handle: RePEc:ety:journl:v:32:y:2010:i:1:p:83-111
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    Cited by:

    1. Galindo, Luis Miguel & Samaniego, Joseluis & Ferrer, Jimy & Alatorre, José Eduardo & Reyes, Orlando, 2016. "Cambio climático, políticas públicas y demanda de energía y gasolinas en América Latina: un meta-análisis," Documentos de Proyectos 718, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    2. Thomas M. Fullerton, Jr. & Jorge A. Ibarra Salazar & Mario Elizalde, 2015. "Microeconomic Gasoline Consumption Anomalies in Mexico: 1997-2007," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 5(4), pages 709-722, April.
    3. José M. Labeaga & Xavier Labandeira & Xiral López-Otero, 2018. "Energy Tax Reform and Poverty Alleviation in Mexico," Working Papers 1801, Universidade de Vigo, Departamento de Economía Aplicada.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    demanda de gasolinas; elasticidades ingreso y precio; sector autotransporte; políticas económicas; emisiones de bióxido de carbono y técnicas de cointegración.;

    JEL classification:

    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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