Support for democracy in the Fiji Islands: does schooling matter?
Purpose - Education is highly regarded as having a central influence on individuals' understanding and backing of democracy, but whether this occurs in young and small democratic states remain unknown. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether schooling and education have a positive impact on an individual's democratic values in Fiji, whose democratic system has been subject to three coups since independence in 1970. Design/methodology/approach - To achieve the goal of this paper, the ordered probit probability model is used. The ordered probit model serves as a better framework for statistical analysis whenever field survey responses are ordinal as distinct from numerical. Findings - The results from an ordered probit model reveal that the education level does not affect an individual's democratic values. However, it is found that gender, age, and ethnicity do have an influence on individuals' endorsement of democracy. Practical implications - Democracy has more than once proved to be an elusive dream in Fiji. This paper aims to provide the answer whether education can be the facilitating factor in transition towards a more democratic state. Originality/value - This is the first study which comprehensively explores whether schooling and education has a positive impact on an individual's democratic values in Fiji.
Volume (Year): 37 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (January)
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