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Determinantes del logro escolar en México. Primeros resultados utilizando la prueba ENLACE media superior

  • De Hoyos, Rafael E.

    (Banco Mundial)

  • Espino, Juan Manuel

    (Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social)

  • García, Vicente

    (Universidad de Columbia)

Although Mexico had a significant increase in years of schooling in the last 20 years, the quality of its education system —an important determinant of long term growth— is far from being satisfactory. Using the results from the first standardized test in upper middle school (ENLACE MS), the paper shows that a model including household, personal, institutional, and school characteristics can account for more than 40 percent of the total differences observed in math scores. From a policy perspective, the paper’s results suggest that education authorities interested in fostering education quality should concentrate in improving school infrastructure, the quality of its teachers and the relationship between students and school authorities.// Aunque los años de escolaridad de los mexicanos aumentaron significativamente en los pasados 20 años, la calidad del sistema educativo —un determinante importante del crecimiento económico de largo plazo— dista mucho de ser satisfactorio. Utilizando los resultados de la primera prueba estandarizada en educación media superior (ENLACE-MS), este estudio muestra que un modelo que incluye las características del hogar, individuales, institucionales y escolares puede explicar más de 40% de las diferencias observadas en las calificaciones de matemáticas. Desde el punto de vista de la política pública, los resultados de este trabajo sugieren que, a fin de aumentar la calidad de la educación, las autoridades educativas deberían concentrarse en mejorar la infraestructura escolar, la calidad de los docentes y la relación entre los estudiantes y las autoridades escolares.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Econónomico.

Volume (Year): LXXIX (4) (2012)
Issue (Month): 316 (octubre-diciembre)
Pages: 783-811

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:79:y:2012:i:316:p:783-811
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.fondodeculturaeconomica.com/

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