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Spatial competition between parking garages and downtown parking policy

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  • Arnott, Richard

Abstract

This paper looks at optimal parking policy in dense urban districts ("downtown"), where spatial competition between parking garages is a key feature, from the perspective of economic theory. The paper has four parts. The first looks at the "parking garage operator's problem". The second derives equilibrium in the parking garage market when there is no on-street parking, compares the equilibrium to the social optimum, and examines optimal parking policy in this context. Since parking garage operators have market power, the spatial competition equilibrium is generally inefficient, and parking policy can be used to mitigate the distortion. The third adds on-street parking and considers how its underpricing affects second-best parking policy. The fourth adds mass transit, and considers how economies of scale in mass transit interact with minimum and maximum off-street parking standards. Preliminary draft: Please do not cite or quote without the permission of the author.

Suggested Citation

  • Arnott, Richard, 2006. "Spatial competition between parking garages and downtown parking policy," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 458-469, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:13:y:2006:i:6:p:458-469
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ortega, Daniel & Scartascini, Carlos, 2015. "Don’t blame the Messenger. A Field Experiment on Delivery Methods for Increasing Tax Compliance," Socioeconomic research working papers 821, CAF Development Bank Of Latinamerica.
    2. Mingardo, Giuliano & van Wee, Bert & Rye, Tom, 2015. "Urban parking policy in Europe: A conceptualization of past and possible future trends," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 268-281.
    3. Arnott, Richard & Inci, Eren, 2010. "The stability of downtown parking and traffic congestion," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 260-276, November.
    4. repec:eee:transb:v:101:y:2017:i:c:p:28-50 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Caicedo, Felix & Diaz, Alejandra, 2013. "Case analysis of simultaneous concessions of parking meters and underground parking facilities," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 358-378.
    6. repec:dgr:uvatin:20120040 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Kevin Hasker & Eren Inci, 2014. "Free Parking For All In Shopping Malls," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 55, pages 1281-1304, November.
    8. Nourinejad, Mehdi & Roorda, Matthew J., 2017. "Impact of hourly parking pricing on travel demand," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 28-45.
    9. Kobus, Martijn B.W. & Gutiérrez-i-Puigarnau, Eva & Rietveld, Piet & Van Ommeren, Jos N., 2013. "The on-street parking premium and car drivers' choice between street and garage parking," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 395-403.
    10. Jesper de Groote & Jos van Ommeren & Hans R.A. Koster, 2017. "The Impact of Parking Policy on House Prices," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 17-037/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    11. Bonsall, Peter & Young, William, 2010. "Is there a case for replacing parking charges by road user charges?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 323-334, September.
    12. Gragera, Albert & Albalate, Daniel, 2016. "The impact of curbside parking regulation on garage demand," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 160-168.
    13. van Ommeren, Jos & de Groote, Jesper & Mingardo, Giuliano, 2014. "Residential parking permits and parking supply," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 33-44.
    14. Riley Wilson & Sebastián J. Miller, 2015. "Parking Taxes as a Second Best Congestion Pricing Mechanism," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 91742, Inter-American Development Bank.
    15. repec:eee:transa:v:101:y:2017:i:c:p:86-97 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Chang, Ching-Ter & Chung, Cheng-Kung & Sheu, Jiuh-Biing & Zhuang, Zheng-Yun & Chen, Huang-Mu, 2014. "The optimal dual-pricing policy of mall parking service," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 223-243.
    17. Inci, Eren & Lindsey, Robin, 2015. "Garage and curbside parking competition with search congestion," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 49-59.
    18. van Ommeren, Jos & Wentink, Derk & Dekkers, Jasper, 2011. "The real price of parking policy," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 25-31, July.
    19. repec:eee:transa:v:102:y:2017:i:c:p:51-67 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Pierce, Gregory & Willson, Hank & Shoup, Donald, 2015. "Optimizing the use of public garages: Pricing parking by demand," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 89-95.
    21. Amitrajeet Batabyal & Peter Nijkamp, 2010. "A probabilistic analysis of two university parking issues," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 44(1), pages 111-120, February.
    22. Gallo, Mariano & D'Acierno, Luca & Montella, Bruno, 2011. "A multilayer model to simulate cruising for parking in urban areas," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 735-744, September.
    23. Zheng, Nan & Geroliminis, Nikolas, 2016. "Modeling and optimization of multimodal urban networks with limited parking and dynamic pricing," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 36-58.
    24. Inci, Eren, 2015. "A review of the economics of parking," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 50-63.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • L91 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Transportation: General

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