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Regulating on-street parking

Author

Listed:
  • Edward Calthrop

    () (Community of European Railways (CER))

  • Stef Proost

    () (K.U.Leuven-Center for Economic Studies - CORE, UCL, Belgium)

Abstract

Consider a shopper or tourist driving downtown and trying to park. Two strategies are usually available: either park at a private off-street facility or search for a cheaper on-street spot. We formalise such a setting and use the model to study optimal government regulation of the on-street parking market. It is shown that the optimal on-street fee equals the marginal cost of off-street supply at the optimal quantity. If the off-street market is supplied under constant returns to scale, this provides a particular simple operational rule: the price on street should match that off street. We also extend the model to consider maximum length of stay restrictions and non-competitive private supply. A numerical model, calibrated to central London, investigates the magnitude of an optimal fee.

Suggested Citation

  • Edward Calthrop & Stef Proost, 2004. "Regulating on-street parking," Energy, Transport and Environment Working Papers Series ete0410, KU Leuven, Department of Economics - Research Group Energy, Transport and Environment.
  • Handle: RePEc:ete:etewps:ete0410
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Calthrop, Edward & Proost, Stef, 2006. "Regulating on-street parking," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 29-48, January.
    6. Arnott, Richard & de Palma, Andre & Lindsey, Robin, 1991. "A temporal and spatial equilibrium analysis of commuter parking," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 301-335, August.
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    10. Verhoef, Erik & Nijkamp, Peter & Rietveld, Piet, 1995. "The economics of regulatory parking policies: The (IM)possibilities of parking policies in traffic regulation," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 141-156, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Molenda, Inga & Sieg, Gernot, 2013. "Residential parking in vibrant city districts," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 131-139.
    2. Arnott, Richard & Inci, Eren & Rowse, John, 2015. "Downtown curbside parking capacity," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 83-97.
    3. Arnott, Richard & Inci, Eren, 2006. "An integrated model of downtown parking and traffic congestion," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(3), pages 418-442, November.
    4. Kobus, Martijn B.W. & Gutiérrez-i-Puigarnau, Eva & Rietveld, Piet & Van Ommeren, Jos N., 2013. "The on-street parking premium and car drivers' choice between street and garage parking," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 395-403.
    5. Levy, Nadav & Render, Marc & Benenson, Itzhak, 2015. "Spatially explicit modeling of parking search as a tool for urban parking facilities and policy assessment," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 9-20.
    6. Caicedo, Felix & Diaz, Alejandra, 2013. "Case analysis of simultaneous concessions of parking meters and underground parking facilities," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 358-378.
    7. Inci, Eren & Lindsey, Robin, 2015. "Garage and curbside parking competition with search congestion," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 49-59.
    8. repec:eee:transa:v:102:y:2017:i:c:p:51-67 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Bruno De Borger & Antonio Russo, 2015. "The Political Economy of Pricing Car Access to Downtown Commercial Districts," CESifo Working Paper Series 5294, CESifo Group Munich.
    10. Chaniotakis, Emmanouil & Pel, Adam J., 2015. "Drivers’ parking location choice under uncertain parking availability and search times: A stated preference experiment," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 228-239.
    11. Kevin Hasker & Eren Inci, 2014. "Free Parking For All In Shopping Malls," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 55, pages 1281-1304, November.
    12. Eren Inci & Jos van Ommeren & Martijn Kobus, 2017. "The external cruising costs of parking," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(6), pages 1301-1323.
    13. Calthrop, Edward & Proost, Stef, 2006. "Regulating on-street parking," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 29-48, January.
    14. Santos, Georgina & Behrendt, Hannah & Maconi, Laura & Shirvani, Tara & Teytelboym, Alexander, 2010. "Part I: Externalities and economic policies in road transport," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 2-45.
    15. Arnott, Richard, 2006. "Spatial competition between parking garages and downtown parking policy," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 458-469, November.
    16. Madsen, Edith & Mulalic, Ismir & Pilegaard, Ninette, 2013. "A model for estimation of the demand for on-street parking," MPRA Paper 52301, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. repec:eee:transb:v:101:y:2017:i:c:p:107-122 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Takayama, Yuki & Kuwahara, Masao, 2016. "Scheduling preferences, parking competition, and bottleneck congestion: A model of trip timing and parking location choices by heterogeneous commuters," MPRA Paper 68938, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Arnott, Richard & Rowse, John, 2009. "Downtown parking in auto city," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 1-14, January.
    20. Inge Mayeres & Stef Proost, 2004. "Towards better transport pricing and taxation in Belgium," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(4), pages 23-43.
    21. Inci, Eren, 2015. "A review of the economics of parking," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 50-63.
    22. Jan K. Brueckner & Sofia F. Franco, 2015. "Parking and Urban Form," CESifo Working Paper Series 5324, CESifo Group Munich.
    23. van Ommeren, Jos & de Groote, Jesper & Mingardo, Giuliano, 2014. "Residential parking permits and parking supply," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 33-44.
    24. Andersson, Matts & Mandell, Svante & Thörn, Helena Braun & Gomér, Ylva, 2016. "The effect of minimum parking requirements on the housing stock," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 206-215.
    25. De Borger, Bruno & Russo, Antonio, 2017. "The political economy of pricing car access to downtown commercial districts," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 76-93.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Parking; Regulating urban transport; Search.;

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government Pricing and Policy
    • L92 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation
    • H42 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Private Goods

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